Net present value (NPV) is the value of all future cash flows over the entire life of an investment discounted to the present. It is one of the most reliable techniques used in capital budgeting, because it is based on discounted cash flow approach. It may be positive, zero or negative.
Present value of cash inflow > present value of cash outflow (NPV is positive and project is acceptable).
Present value of cash inflow = present value of cash outflow (NPV is zero and project is acceptable).
Present value of cash inflow < present value of cash outflow (NPV is negative and project is not acceptable).
Different projects are not comparable.
Rate of return has to be determined, if higher/lower rate of return is assumed, it will show false profitability of the project and hence, result in wrong decision making.
X = initial investment
R = net cash flow
N= year of net cash flow
I = discount rate
Initial investment = 1000000, discount rate = 9%
NPV = 1000000 – (91743+210419+270264+187732+26721) => 29879 (POSITIVE)