MapListHandler Class


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The org.apache.commons.dbutils.MapListHandler is the implementation of ResultSetHandler interface and is responsible to convert the ResultSet rows into list of Maps. This class is thread safe.

Class Declaration

Following is the declaration for org.apache.commons.dbutils.MapListHandler class −

public class MapListHandler
   extends AbstractListHandler<Map<String,Object>>

Usage

  • Step 1 − Create a connection object.

  • Step 2 − Get implementation of ResultSetHandler as MapListHandler object.

  • Step 3 − Pass resultSetHandler to QueryRunner object, and make database operations.

Example

Following example will demonstrate how to read a list of records using MapListHandler class. We'll read available records in Employees Table as list of maps.

Syntax

List<Map<String, Object>> result = queryRunner.query(conn, "SELECT * FROM employees", new MapListHandler());

Where,

  • resultHandler − MapListHandler object to map result sets to list of maps.

  • queryRunner − QueryRunner object to read employee object from database.

To understand the above-mentioned concepts related to DBUtils, let us write an example which will run a read query. To write our example, let us create a sample application.

Step Description
1 Update the file MainApp.java created under chapter DBUtils - First Application.
2 Compile and run the application as explained below.

Following is the content of the Employee.java.

public class Employee {
   private int id;
   private int age;
   private String first;
   private String last;
   public int getId() {
      return id;
   }
   public void setId(int id) {
      this.id = id;
   }
   public int getAge() {
      return age;
   }
   public void setAge(int age) {
      this.age = age;
   }
   public String getFirst() {
      return first;
   }
   public void setFirst(String first) {
      this.first = first;
   }
   public String getLast() {
      return last;
   }
   public void setLast(String last) {
      this.last = last;
   }
}

Following is the content of the MainApp.java file.

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import org.apache.commons.dbutils.DbUtils;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.QueryRunner;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.handlers.MapListHandler;

public class MainApp {
   // JDBC driver name and database URL
   static final String JDBC_DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";  
   static final String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/emp";

   //  Database credentials
   static final String USER = "root";
   static final String PASS = "admin";

   public static void main(String[] args) throws SQLException {
      Connection conn = null;
      QueryRunner queryRunner = new QueryRunner();
      
      //Step 1: Register JDBC driver
      DbUtils.loadDriver(JDBC_DRIVER);

      //Step 2: Open a connection
      System.out.println("Connecting to database...");
      conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS);        

      try {
         List<Map<String, Object>> result = queryRunner.query(
            conn, "SELECT * FROM employees", new MapListHandler());      
         System.out.println(result);
      } finally {
         DbUtils.close(conn);
      }        
   }
}

Once you are done creating the source files, let us run the application. If everything is fine with your application, it will print the following message.

Connecting to database...
[{id=100, age=18, first=Zara, last=Ali}, 
{id=101, age=25, first=Mahnaz, last=Fatma}, 
{id=102, age=30, first=Zaid, last=Khan}, 
{id=103, age=33, first=Sumit, last=Mittal}]
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