Apache Commons DBUtils - Custom Handler


Advertisements

We can create our own custom handler by implementing ResultSetHandler interface or by extending any of the existing implementation of ResultSetHandler. In the example given below, we've created a Custom Handler, EmployeeHandler by extending BeanHandler class.

To understand the above-mentioned concepts related to DBUtils, let us write an example which will run a read query. To write our example, let us create a sample application.

Step Description
1 Update the file MainApp.java created under chapter DBUtils - First Application.
2 Compile and run the application as explained below.

Following is the content of the Employee.java.

public class Employee {
   private int id;
   private int age;
   private String first;
   private String last;
   private String name;
   public int getId() {
      return id;
   }
   public void setId(int id) {
      this.id = id;
   }
   public int getAge() {
      return age;
   }
   public void setAge(int age) {
      this.age = age;
   }
   public String getFirst() {
      return first;
   }
   public void setFirst(String first) {
      this.first = first;
   }
   public String getLast() {
      return last;
   }
   public void setLast(String last) {
      this.last = last;
   }
   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }
   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }
}

Following is the content of the EmployeeHandler.java file.

import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;

import org.apache.commons.dbutils.handlers.BeanHandler;

public class EmployeeHandler extends BeanHandler<Employee> {

   public EmployeeHandler() {
      super(Employee.class);
   }

   @Override
   public Employee handle(ResultSet rs) throws SQLException {
      Employee employee = super.handle(rs);
      employee.setName(employee.getFirst() +", " + employee.getLast());
      return employee;
   }
}

Following is the content of the MainApp.java file.

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;

import org.apache.commons.dbutils.DbUtils;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.QueryRunner;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.ResultSetHandler;
import org.apache.commons.dbutils.handlers.BeanHandler;

public class MainApp {
   // JDBC driver name and database URL
   static final String JDBC_DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";  
   static final String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/emp";

   //  Database credentials
   static final String USER = "root";
   static final String PASS = "admin";

   public static void main(String[] args) throws SQLException {
      Connection conn = null;
      QueryRunner queryRunner = new QueryRunner();
      DbUtils.loadDriver(JDBC_DRIVER);                 
      conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS);        
      EmployeeHandler employeeHandler = new EmployeeHandler();

      try {
         Employee emp = queryRunner.query(conn,
         "SELECT * FROM employees WHERE first=?", employeeHandler, "Sumit");
         
         //Display values
         System.out.print("ID: " + emp.getId());
         System.out.print(", Age: " + emp.getAge());
         System.out.print(", Name: " + emp.getName());
      } finally {
         DbUtils.close(conn);
      }        
   }
}

Once you are done creating the source files, let us run the application. If everything is fine with your application, it will print the following message.

ID: 103, Age: 28, Name: Sumit, Mittal
Advertisements