C++ Program to Perform Greedy Coloring

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Here is a C++ Program to Perform Greedy Coloring

Algorithm:

Begin
   Take the number of vertices and edges as input.
   Create function greedyColoring() to assign color to vertices:
   A) Assign the first color to first vertex.
   B) Initialize the remaining vertices.
   C) Declare a temporary array to store the available colors.
   D) Assign color to the remaining vertices.
   Print the solution.
End

Example Code

#include<bits/stdc++.h>
#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
int n,e,i,j;
vector<vector<int> > g;
vector<int> col;
bool visit[1001];
void greedyColoring()
{
   col[0] = 0;
   for (i=1;i<n;i++)
   col[i] = -1;
   bool unuse[n];
   for (i=0;i<n;i++)
   unuse[i]=0;
   for (i = 1; i < n; i++)
   {
      for (j=0;j<g[i].size();j++)
      if (col[g[i][j]] != -1)
      unuse[col[g[i][j]]] = true;
      int cr;
      for (cr=0;cr<n;cr++)
         if (unuse[cr] == false)
      break;
      col[i] = cr;
      for (j=0;j<g[i].size();j++)
      if (col[g[i][j]] != -1)
      unuse[col[g[i][j]]] = false;
   }
}
int main()
{
   int a,b;
   cout<<"Enter number of vertices and edges respectively:";
   cin>>n>>e;
   cout<<"\n";
   g.resize(n);
   col.resize(n);
   memset(visit,0,sizeof(visit));
   for(i=0;i<e;i++)
   {
      cout<<"\nEnter edge vertices of edge "<<i+1<<" :";
      cin>>a>>b;
      a--; b--;
      g[a].push_back(b);
      g[b].push_back(a);
   }
   greedyColoring();
   for(i=0;i<n;i++)
   {
      cout<<"Vertex "<<i+1<<" is coloured with "<<col[i]+1<<"\n";
   }
}

Output

Enter number of vertices and edges respectively:7
6
Enter edge vertices of edge 1 :4 5
Enter edge vertices of edge 2 :2 3
Enter edge vertices of edge 3 :1 1
Enter edge vertices of edge 4 :1 4
Enter edge vertices of edge 5 :6 7
Enter edge vertices of edge 6 :2 2
Vertex 1 is coloured with 1
Vertex 2 is coloured with 1
Vertex 3 is coloured with 2
Vertex 4 is coloured with 2
Vertex 5 is coloured with 1
Vertex 6 is coloured with 1
Vertex 7 is coloured with 2
raja
Published on 04-Apr-2019 12:31:52
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