C++ Program to Implement Hash Tables Chaining with Doubly Linked Lists

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

A hash table is a data structure which is used to store key-value pairs. Hash function is used by hash table to compute an index into an array in which an element will be inserted or searched.

This is a C++ program to Implement Hash Tables chaining with doubly linked lists.

Algorithm

For insert:

Begin
   Declare Function insert(int k, int v)
      int hash_v= HashFunc(k)
      HashTableEntry *en = ht[hash_v]
      if (en == NULL)
         en = new HashTableEntry
         en->d = v
         en->k = k
         en->n = NULL
         en->p = NULL
         ht[hash_v] = en
         top[hash_v] = en
      else
         while (en != NULL)
            en = en->n
         en = new HashTableEntry
         en->d = v
         en->k = k
         en->n = NULL
         en->p = top[hash_v]
         top[hash_v]->n = en
         top[hash_v] = en
End

For Delete:

Begin
   Declare function remove(int k)
      int hash_v = HashFunc(k)
      HashTableEntry *en = ht[hash_v]
      if (en->k != k || en == NULL)
         Print No Element found at key
         return
      while (en != NULL)
         if (en->n == NULL)
            if (en->p == NULL)
               ht[hash_v] = NULL
               top[hash_v] = NULL
               delete en
               break

            else
               top[hash_v] = en->p
               top[hash_v]->n = NULL
               delete en
               en = top[hash_v]
         en = en->n
End

For search a key value:

Begin
   Declare function SearchKey(int k)
      int hash_v = HashFunc(k)
      bool flag = false
      HashTableEntry* en = ht[hash_v]
      if (en != NULL)
         while (en != NULL)
            if (en->k == k)
               flag = true
            if (flag)
               Print Element found at key
               print en->d
     
            en = en->n
         if (!flag)
            Print “No Element found at key.”
End.

Example Code

#include <iostream>
const int T_S = 200;
using namespace std;
struct HashTableEntry {
   int d, k;
   HashTableEntry *n;
   HashTableEntry *p;
};
class HashMapTable {
   public:
      HashTableEntry **ht, **top;
      HashMapTable() {
         ht = new HashTableEntry*[T_S];
         top = new HashTableEntry*[T_S];
         for (int i = 0; i < T_S; i++) {
         ht[i] = NULL;
         top[i] = NULL;
      }
}
int HashFunc(int key) {
   return key % T_S;
}
void insert(int k, int v) {
   int hash_v= HashFunc(k);
   HashTableEntry *en = ht[hash_v];
   if (en == NULL) {
      en = new HashTableEntry;
      en->d = v;
      en->k = k;
      en->n = NULL;
      en->p = NULL;
      ht[hash_v] = en;
      top[hash_v] = en;
   } else {
      while (en != NULL)
      en = en->n;
      en = new HashTableEntry;
      en->d = v;
      en->k = k;
      en->n = NULL;
      en->p = top[hash_v];
      top[hash_v]->n = en;
      top[hash_v] = en;
   }
}
void remove(int k) {
   int hash_v = HashFunc(k);
   HashTableEntry *en = ht[hash_v];
   if (en->k != k || en == NULL) {
      cout<<"No Element found at key: "<<k<<endl;
      return;
   }
   while (en != NULL) {
      if (en->n == NULL) {
         if (en->p == NULL) {
            ht[hash_v] = NULL;
            top[hash_v] = NULL;
            delete en;
            break;
         } else {
            top[hash_v] = en->p;
            top[hash_v]->n = NULL;
            delete en;
            en = top[hash_v];
         }
      }
      en = en->n;
   }
}
void SearchKey(int k) {
   int hash_v = HashFunc(k);
   bool flag = false;
   HashTableEntry* en = ht[hash_v];
   if (en != NULL) {
      while (en != NULL) {
         if (en->k == k) {
            flag = true;
         }
         if (flag) {
            cout<<"Element found at key "<<k<<": ";
            cout<<en->d<<endl;
         }
         en = en->n;
      }
   }
   if (!flag)
      cout<<"No Element found at key "<<k<<endl;
}
~HashMapTable() {
   delete [] ht;
}
int main() {
   HashMapTable hash;
   int k, v;
   int c;
   while (1) {
      cout<<"1.Insert element into the table"<<endl;
      cout<<"2.Search element from the key"<<endl;
      cout<<"3.Delete element at a key"<<endl;
      cout<<"4.Exit"<<endl;
      cout<<"Enter your choice: ";
      cin>>c;
      switch(c) {
         case 1:
            cout<<"Enter element to be inserted: ";
            cin>>v;
            cout<<"Enter key at which element to be inserted: ";
            cin>>k;
            hash.insert(k, v);
         break;
         case 2:
            cout<<"Enter key of the element to be searched: ";
            cin>>k;
            hash.SearchKey(k);
         break;
         case 3:
            cout<<"Enter key of the element to be deleted: ";
            cin>>k;
            hash.remove(k);
         break;
         case 4:
            exit(1);
         default:
            cout<<"\nEnter correct option\n";
      }
   }
   return 0;
}

Output

1.Insert element into the table
2.Search element from the key
3.Delete element at a key
4.Exit
Enter your choice: 1
Enter element to be inserted: 1
Enter key at which element to be inserted: 1
1.Insert element into the table
2.Search element from the key
3.Delete element at a key
4.Exit
Enter your choice: 1
Enter element to be inserted: 2
Enter key at which element to be inserted: 3
1.Insert element into the table
2.Search element from the key
3.Delete element at a key
4.Exit
Enter your choice: 1
Enter element to be inserted: 7
Enter key at which element to be inserted: 6
1.Insert element into the table
2.Search element from the key
3.Delete element at a key
4.Exit
Enter your choice: 1
Enter element to be inserted: 4
Enter key at which element to be inserted: 5
1.Insert element into the table
2.Search element from the key
3.Delete element at a key
4.Exit
Enter your choice: 2
Enter key of the element to be searched: 6
Element found at key 6: 7
1.Insert element into the table
2.Search element from the key
3.Delete element at a key
4.Exit
Enter your choice: 3
Enter key of the element to be deleted: 1
1.Insert element into the table
2.Search element from the key
3.Delete element at a key
4.Exit
Enter your choice: 4
raja
Published on 03-Apr-2019 06:47:51
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