C++ Program to Implement a Heuristic to Find the Vertex Cover of a Graph

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Vertex Cover of a Graph is to find a set of vertices V, such that for every edge connecting M to N in graph, either M or N (or both) are present in V. In this program, we Implement a Heuristic to Find the Vertex Cover of a Graph.

Algorithm

Begin
   1) Initialize a set S as empty.
   2) Take an edge E of the connecting graph Say M and N.
   3) Add both vertex to the set S.
   4) Discard all edges in the graph with endpoints at M or N.
   5) If some edge is still left in the graph Go to step 2,
   6) Print the final set S is a vertex cover of the graph.
End

Example

#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
vector<vector<int> > g;
bool v[11110];
int i,j;
vector<int> sol_vertex(int n,int e) {
   vector<int> S;
   for(i=0;i<n;i++) {
      if(!v[i]) {
         for(j=0;j<(int)g[i].size();j++) {
            if(!v[g[i][j]]) {
               v[i]=true;
               v[g[i][j]]=true;
               break;
            }
         }
      }
   }
   for(i=0;i<n;i++)
      if(v[i])
   S.push_back(i);
   return S;
}
int main() {
   int n,e,a,b;
   cout<<"Enter number of vertices:";
   cin>>n;
   cout<<"Enter number of Edges:";
   cin>>e;
   g.resize(n);
   memset(v,0,sizeof(v));
   for(i=0;i<e;i++) {
      cout<<"Enter the end-points of edge "<<i+1<<" : ";
      cin>>a>>b;
      a--; b--;
      g[a].push_back(b);
      g[b].push_back(a);
   }
   vector<int> S = sol_vertex(n,e);
   cout<<"The required vertex cover is as follows:\n";
   for(i=0;i<(int)S.size();i++)
      cout<<S[i]+1<<" ";
   return 0;
}

Ouput:

Enter number of vertices:4
Enter number of Edges:5
Enter the end-points of edge 1 : 2 1
Enter the end-points of edge 2 : 3 2
Enter the end-points of edge 3 : 4 3
Enter the end-points of edge 4 : 1 4
Enter the end-points of edge 5 : 1 3
The required vertex cover is as follows:
1 2 3 4
raja
Published on 26-Apr-2019 08:27:28
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