C++ Program to Find the Minimum element of an Array using Binary Search approach

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

This is a C++ Program to find the minimum element of an array using Linear Search approach. The time complexity of this program is O(log(n)).

Algorithm

Begin
   Construct binary search tree for the given unsorted data array.
   To find out the minimum element move the pointer to the leftmost child node.
   Print this value as minimum value among the given data.
End

Example Code

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
struct node {
   int d;
   node *left;
   node *right;
};
node* CreateNode(int d) {
   node *newnode = new node;
   newnode->d = d;
   newnode->left = NULL;
   newnode->right = NULL;
   return newnode;
}
node* InsertIntoTree(node* root, int d) {
   node *temp = CreateNode(d);
   node *t = new node;
   t = root;
   if(root == NULL)
      root = temp;
   else{
      while(t != NULL) {
         if(t->d < d) {
            if(t->right == NULL) {
               // If current node is NULL then insert the node.
               t->right = temp;
               break;
            }
            // Shift pointer to the left.
            t = t->right;
         }
         else if(t->d > d) {
            if(t->left == NULL) {
               t->left = temp;
               break;
            }
            t = t->left;
         }
      }
   }
   return root;
}
int main() {
   int n, i, a[10]={86, 63, 95, 6, 7, 67, 52, 26, 45, 98};
   node *root = new node;
   root = NULL;
   cout<<"\nData set:\n";
   for(i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
      cout<<a[i]<<" ";
      root = InsertIntoTree(root, a[i]);
   }
   cout<<"\n\nThe minimum element of the given data set is ";
   i = 0;
   while(root->left != NULL) {
      i++;
      root = root->left;
   }
   cout<<root->d<<" which found at "<<i<<" depth from the root.";
   return 0;
}

Output

Data set:
86 63 95 6 7 67 52 26 45 98
The minimum element of the given data set is 6 which found at 2 depth from the root.
raja
Published on 14-Mar-2019 10:00:55
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