C++ program to Calculate Factorial of a Number Using Recursion

C++ProgrammingServer Side Programming

Factorial of a non-negative integer n is the product of all the positive integers that are less than or equal to n.

For example: The factorial of 7 is 5040.

7! = 7 * 6 * 5 * 4 * 3 * 2 *1
7! = 5040

Let us see the code to calculate the factorial of a number using recursion.

Example

 Live Demo

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int fact(int n) {
   if ((n==0)||(n==1))
   return 1;
   else
   return n*fact(n-1);
}
int main() {
   cout<<"Factorial of 5 is "<<fact(5)<<endl;
   cout<<"Factorial of 3 is "<<fact(3)<<endl;
   cout<<"Factorial of 7 is "<<fact(7)<<endl;
   return 0;
}

Output

Factorial of 5 is 120
Factorial of 3 is 6
Factorial of 7 is 5040

In the above program, the function fact() is a recursive function. The main() function calls fact() using the number whose factorial is required. This is demonstrated by the following code snippet.

cout<<"Factorial of 5 is "<<fact(5)<<endl;
cout<<"Factorial of 3 is "<<fact(3)<<endl;
cout<<"Factorial of 7 is "<<fact(7)<<endl;

If the number is 0 or 1, then fact() returns 1. If the number is any other, then fact() recursively calls itself with the value n-1. Along with calling itself recursively, fact() multiplies n with the recursive call fact(n-1). This yields.

n*(n-1)*(n-2)....3*2*1 or the factorial of n

This is demonstrated using the following code snippet.

int fact(int n) {
   if ((n==0)||(n==1))
   return 1;
   else
   return n*fact(n-1);
}
raja
Published on 27-Sep-2018 10:59:12
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