Count the numbers divisible by ‘M’ in a given range in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

We are given three numbers A,B and M. A and B define the range [A,B] of numbers.The goal is to count numbers between A and B that are divisible by M.

We will start from i=A till first multiple of M. Increment count if i%M=0. Now increment i till i<=B and increase count.

Let’s understand with examples.

Input

A=11,B=20, M=5

Output

Count of numbers divisible by M in given range: 2

Explanation

15 and 20 are only numbers that are divisible by 5 and lie in range [11,20].

Input

A=20, B=50, M=11

Output

Count of numbers divisible by M in given range: 3

Explanation

22,33,44 are only numbers that are divisible by 11 and lie in range [20,50].

Approach used in the below program is as follows

  • We take A,B and M as integers.
  • Function divisiblebyM (int a, int b, int m) take A,B and M as parameters and return the count of numbers between A and B that are divisible by M.
  • Take the initial count as 0.
  • Using for loop, start from i=A to i=B. Increment i by 1.
  • If i%m=0, increment count.
  • At the end, count as numbers between A and B that are divisible by m.
  • Return count as result.

Example

 Live Demo

// Program to count the numbers divisible by
// M in a given range
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int divisiblebyM(int a, int b, int m){
   int count = 0;
   // Running a loop from A to B and check
   // if a number is divisible by M.
   for (int i = a; i <= b;i++ ){
      if (i % m == 0){
          count++;
       }
   }
   return count;
}
int main(){
   // A and B define the range, M is the dividend
   int A = 3, B = 15, M = 4;
   cout<<"Numbers divisible by M in given range:"<<divisiblebyM(A, B, M) << endl;
   return 0;
}

Output

Numbers divisible by M in given range:3
raja
Published on 29-Aug-2020 11:38:28
Advertisements