# Count sub-arrays which have elements less than or equal to X in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

We are given an array arr[] containing integers and a variable X. The goal is to count all subarrays of arr[] such that each subarray contains only elements that are less than or equal to X. For example if array is [1,2,3] and X=2 then subarrays will be ,  and [1,2]

Let us understand with examples.

Input − arr[] = { 4,3,2,1,6 }; X=3

Output − Count of sub-arrays which have elements less than or equal to X is − 6

Explanation − Subaarays will be −

, , , [3,2], [2,1], [3,2,1]

Input − arr[] = { 3,6,2,7,1,8,5 }; X=5

Output − Count of sub-arrays which have elements less than or equal to X is − 4

Explanation − Subaarays will be −

, , , 

## The approach used in the below program is as follows

We are creating a binary array temp_arr[] of the same size as the original array arr[]. This binary array will have 1 if corresponding arr[i] is less or equal to X, else 0. Now traverse temp_arr[] and check for continuous 1’s ( elements less than X in arr[] ). Store the length of each such subarray in temp. For an array of length temp. Total subarrays would be temp*(temp+1)/2. Add this to the total count and continue till the end of temp_arr[].

• Take the array arr[] and variable X.

• Function sub_X(int arr[], int size, int x) takes the array and x and returns a count of subarrays with only elements that are less than or equal to x.

• Take the temporary variable temp and the final total of such subarrays as count.

• Take a binary array temp_arr[] of length same as arr[].

• We will traverse the array arr[] using for loop from i=0 to i<size.

• For each element arr[i]<=x, set temp_arr[i]=1 else 0.

• Traverse temp_arr[] using for loop.

• If any element temp_arr[i] == 1. Then traverse using a sub loop from the current index i till temp_arr[temp_2] ( temp_2=i+1; temp_2<size ) is 1. If 0 then break the sub loop.

• The count of subarray with all 1’s will be temp= temp_2-i.

• This subarray has all 1’s which means all elements in arr[i] are <= x. Total subarrays will be temp_3= temp*(temp+1)/2.

• At the end of both traversals, the count will have a total number of counts of all subarrays within arr that have numbers less than or equal to x.

## Example

Live Demo

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
int sub_X(int arr[], int size, int x){
int count = 0, temp = 0;
int temp_arr[size];
for (int i = 0; i < size; i++){
if (arr[i] <= x){
temp_arr[i] = 1;
}
else{
temp_arr[i] = 0;
}
}
for (int i = 0; i < size; i++){
if (temp_arr[i] == 1){
int temp_2;
for(temp_2 = i + 1; temp_2 < size; temp_2++){
if(temp_arr[temp_2] != 1){
break;
}
}
temp = temp_2 - i;
int temp_3 = (temp) * (temp + 1)/2;
count = count + temp_3;
i = temp_2;
}
}
return count;
}
int main(){
int arr[] = { 2, 6, 1, 10, 5, 3 };
int x = 4;
int size = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr);
cout<<"Count of sub-arrays which have elements less than or equal to X are: "<<sub_X(arr, size, x);
return 0;
}

## Output

If we run the above code it will generate the following output −

Count of sub-arrays which have elements less than or equal to X are: 3