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We are given an integer array and the task is to count the total number of pairs that can be formed using the given array values such that the AND operation on the pairs will result in an odd number.

**The truth table for AND operation is given below**

A | B | A^B |

0 | 0 | 0 |

1 | 0 | 0 |

0 | 1 | 0 |

1 | 1 | 1 |

**Input** − int arr[] = {2, 5, 1, 8, 9}

**Output** − Count of pairs with Bitwise AND as ODD number are − 3

**Explanation** −

a1 | a2 | a1^a2 |

2 | 5 | 0 |

2 | 1 | 0 |

2 | 8 | 0 |

2 | 9 | 0 |

5 | 1 | 1 |

5 | 8 | 0 |

5 | 9 | 1 |

1 | 8 | 0 |

1 | 9 | 1 |

8 | 9 | 8 |

Input an array of integer elements to form an pair

Calculate the size of an array pass the data to the function for further processing

Create a temporary variable count to store the pairs formed with AND operation as an odd value.

Start loop FOR from i to 0 till the size of an array

Inside the loop, check IF arr[i] % 2 == TRUE then increment the count by 1

Set the count as count * (count - 1) / 2

Return the count

Print the result.

#include <iostream> using namespace std; //Count pairs with Bitwise AND as ODD number int count_pair(int arr[], int size){ int count = 0; for (int i = 0; i < size; i++){ if ((arr[i] % 2 == 1)){ count++; } } count = count * (count - 1) / 2; return count; } int main(){ int arr[] = {2, 5, 1, 8, 9, 2, 7}; int size = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]); cout<<"Count of pairs with Bitwise AND as ODD number are: "<<count_pair(arr, size) << endl; return 0; }

If we run the above code it will generate the following output −

Count of pairs with Bitwise AND as ODD number are: 6

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