Count ordered pairs of positive numbers such that their sum is S and XOR is K in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

We are given two numbers S and K. The goal is to find ordered pairs of positive numbers such that their sum is S and XOR is K.

We will do this by starting from i=1 to i<S-1 and j=i+1 to j<S. If any pair (i,j) has sum==S and i^j==K (XOR). Then increment count by 2 as (i,j) and (j,i) both will be counted as different pairs.

Let’s understand with examples.

Input 

S=10 K=4

Output 

Ordered pairs such that sum is S and XOR is K: 2

Explanation 

Pairs will be (3,7) and (7,3)

Input 

S=12 K=6

Output 

Ordered pairs such that sum is S and XOR is K: 0

Explanation 

No such pairs possible.

Approach used in the below program is as follows

  • We take integers S and K.

  • Function sumXOR(int s, int k) takes s and k and returns the count of ordered pairs with sum=s and xor=k

  • Take the initial variable count as 0 for pairs.

  • Traverse using two for loops for making pairs.

  • Start from i=1 to i<s-1. And j=i+1 to j<s-1.

  • Now for each pair (i,j) check if (i+j==s) && (i^j==k). If true increment count by 2 as (i,j) and (j,i) both are different pairs.

  • At the end of all loops count will have a total number of such pairs.

  • Return the count as result.

Example

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int sumXOR(int s, int k){
   int count = 0;
   for (int i = 1; i < s; i++){
      for(int j=i+1; j<s-1; j++){
         if( (i+j)==s && (i^j)==k){
            count+=2; //(i,j) and (j,i) are two pairs
         }
      }
   }
   return count;
}
int main(){
   int S = 9, K = 5;
   cout <<"Ordered pairs such that sum is S and XOR is K: "<< sumXOR(S,K);
   return 0;
}

Output

If we run the above code it will generate the following output −

Ordered pairs such that sum is S and XOR is K: 4
raja
Published on 31-Oct-2020 05:03:35
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