- Trending Categories
- Data Structure
- Networking
- RDBMS
- Operating System
- Java
- iOS
- HTML
- CSS
- Android
- Python
- C Programming
- C++
- C#
- MongoDB
- MySQL
- Javascript
- PHP

- Selected Reading
- UPSC IAS Exams Notes
- Developer's Best Practices
- Questions and Answers
- Effective Resume Writing
- HR Interview Questions
- Computer Glossary
- Who is Who

We are given a num number as input. The goal is to count the number of possible strings of length num such that all adjacent characters have difference between ascii values as 1.

If num is 2 then strings will be “ab”, “ba”, “bc”, “cb”, ……..”yz”, “zy”.

Let us understand with examples

**Input** − num=3

**Output** − Count of strings where adjacent characters are of difference one are − 98

**Explanation** − Some sample strings are: “abc”, “aba”, “cde” …..”xyx”, “zyz”, “xyz”.

**Input** − num=2

**Output** − Count of strings where adjacent characters are of difference one are − 50

**Explanation** − Some sample strings are: “ab”, “ba”, “cd” …..”xy”, “zy”, “yz”.

For length = 2.

String starting with a= “ab”

Strings starting with b= “ba”, “bc”

Strings starting with c= “cd”, “cb”...............

For length = n.

String starting with a=ways of number of strings of length n-1 starting with b

String starting with b=ways of number of strings of length n-1 starting with a or c

String starting with c=ways of number of strings of length n-1 starting with b or d

We will solve this using dynamic programming.

Take an array arr[num+1][27]. Containing a number of strings of length i starting with alphabet number j in arr[i][j]. All arr[1][j] will be 1 for strings “a”, “b”...”z”.

Rest for arr[2 to num+1][0 to 25], set arr[i][j]=arr[i-1][j+1] for j=0. Else set arr[i][j] = arr[i-1][j-1] + arr[i-1][j+1];

The result will be the sum of num-th row counts.

Take input integer num

Function difference_strings(int num) takes the num and returns the count of strings where adjacent characters are of difference one

Take the initial count as 0.

Initialize arr[num + 1][27] with all 0s.

Initialize arr[1][0 to 25] with all 1’s.

Traverse 2D array arr[][] using two for loops from row 2nd to last and columns 0 to 25 for all 26 alphabets.

For j=0, the starting character is ‘a’. Set current count as arr[i][j] = arr[i - 1][j + 1];

Otherwise set arr[i][j] = (arr[i - 1][j - 1] + arr[i - 1][j + 1])

Now after the end of the above loops, traverse last row and add arr[num][ 0 to 25] to count.

Return count as result.

#include <bits/stdc++.h> using namespace std; int difference_strings(int num){ long int count = 0; long int arr[num + 1][27]; memset(arr, 0, sizeof(arr)); for (int i = 0; i <= 25; i++){ arr[1][i] = 1; } for (int i = 2; i <= num; i++){ for (int j = 0; j <= 25; j++){ if (j == 0){ arr[i][j] = arr[i - 1][j + 1]; } else{ arr[i][j] = (arr[i - 1][j - 1] + arr[i - 1][j + 1]); } } } for (int i = 0; i <= 25; i++){ count = (count + arr[num][i]); } return count; } int main(){ int num = 2; cout<<"Count of strings where adjacent characters are of difference one are: "<<difference_strings(num); return 0; }

If we run the above code it will generate the following output −

Count of strings where adjacent characters are of difference one are: 50

- Related Questions & Answers
- Program to count number of permutations where sum of adjacent pairs are perfect square in Python
- Count of strings that become equal to one of the two strings after one removal in C++
- Count of arrays in which all adjacent elements are such that one of them divide the another in C++
- Maximum sum of difference of adjacent elements in C++
- Count common characters in two strings in C++
- Find uncommon characters of the two strings in C++
- Count binary strings with k times appearing adjacent two set bits in C++
- Convert list of strings and characters to list of characters in Python
- Program to find total number of strings, that contains one unique characters in Python
- Find uncommon characters of the two strings in C++ Program
- Print common characters of two Strings in alphabetical order in C++
- Maximum count of substrings of length K consisting of same characters in C++
- Order strings by length of characters IN mYsql?
- Count Unique Characters of All Substrings of a Given String in C++
- Count the number of common divisors of the given strings in C++

Advertisements