# Count number of triplets (a, b, c) such that a^2 + b^2 = c^2 and 1<=a<=b<=c<= n in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

We are given an integer n. The goal is to find triplets ( set of 3 numbers ) that satisfy the conditions −

• a2+b2=c2

• 1<=a<=b<=c<=n

We will do this by running two loops for values of 1<=a<=n and 1<=b<=n. Calculate c accordingly (c=sqrt(a2+b2 )) and increment count if both conditions 1 and 2 are met.

Let’s understand with examples.

Input − N=5

Output − Number of triplets − 1

Explanation

for a=3, b=4 and c=5 both conditions are met.

Input − N=3

Output − Number of triplets − 0

Explanation

No such triplets that meet conditions 1 and 2.

## Approach used in the below program is as follows

• Integer N stores the last limit of the range [1,N].

• Function countTriplets(int n) takes n and returns the count of triplets which satisfy the conditions a2+b2=c2 and 1<=a<=b<=c<=n

• Variable count stores the number of such triplets, initially 0.

• Variable sum stores the sum of squares of a and b.

• Starting from a=1 to n and b=a to n, calculate sum=a*a+b*b and c as square root of sum (sqrt(sum)).

• If calculated c has value such that c*c==sum and b<=c && c<=n ( both condition 1 and 2 are met ).

• Increment count as current a,b,c satisfy both conditions.

• Perform this until a=n and b=n. In the end, count will have a number of such triplets that satisfy the conditions.

• Return the count as desired result.

## Example

Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int countTriplets(int n){
int count = 0;
int a,b,c;
a=b=c=1;
int sum=0;
for (a = 1; a <= n; a++) //1<=a<=n{
for (b = a; b <= n; b++) //1<=a<=b<=n{
sum = a*a + b*b; //a^2 + b^2 =c^2
c = sqrt(sum);
if (c * c == sum && b<=c && c<=n) //check 1<=a<=b<=c<=n{
count++;
cout<<endl<<"a :"<<a<<" b :"<<b<<" c :"<<c; //to print triplets
}
}
}
return count;
}
int main(){
int N = 15;
cout <<endl<< "Number of triplets : "<<countTriplets(N);
return 0;
}

## Output

If we run the above code it will generate the following output −

Number of triplets :
a :3 b :4 c :5
a :5 b :12 c :13
a :6 b :8 c :10
a :9 b :12 c :154
Number of triplets : 4