# Count distinct points visited on the number line in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

We are given a binary sequence of 0’s and 1’s. Also assume a person is sitting at a position or point stored in current_pos. Now starting from current_pos, if the binary sequence has 0 then he moves one step left ( current_pos - 1). If it’s 1 he moves one step right ( current_pos + 1). The goal is to find distinct positions or points he visited after the whole binary sequence is completed.

We will solve this using the number of times a point is visited. If frequency is non-zero, increase count of distinct points.

## Input

Path[]= “001100” current_pos=3

## Output

Distinct points visited on number line: 3

Explanation − starting from path and position 3.

Path: 0 → move left ...currpos=2
Path: 0 → move left ...currpos=1
Path: 1 → move right ...currpos=2
Path: 1 → move left ...currpos=3
Path: 0 → move left ...currpos=2
Path: 0 → move left ...currpos=1

Total distinct positions are 3, which are 1,2,3

## Input

Path[]= “010101” current_pos=5

## Output

Distinct points visited on number line: 2

Explanation − starting from path and position 5.

Path: 0 → move left ...currpos=4
Path: 1 → move right ...currpos=5
Path: 0 → move left ...currpos=4
Path: 1 → move right ...currpos=5
Path: 0 → move left ...currpos=4
Path: 1 → move right ...currpos=5

Total distinct positions are 2, which are 4 and 5

## Approach used in the below program is as follows

• String of 0’s and 1’s is stored in the path.

• Current_pos stores starting point.

• Function getDistinctPoints(int current_pos, string path) takes current position and path as input and returns the count of distinct positions/points.

• Variable len stores the length of path.

• Array frequency is used to store the frequency for the number of times the point is visited. Index represents the point. Total 0-20.

• Start traversing the path string.

• If current value is 0, move left ( current_pos -1 ). Update frequency of this point frequency[current_pos]++.

• Else current value is 1, move right ( current_pos +1 ). Update frequency of this point frequency[current_pos]++.

• Now traverse the frequency array and for each non zero value. Increase count.

• Count contains distinct visited points.

• Return count as desired result.

## Example

Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
//distict points visited between 0 to 20
int getDistinctPoints(int current_pos, string path){
// Length of path
int len = path.length();
int count=0;
// Array to store number of times a point is visited
int frequency={0};
// For all the directions in path
for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
//for left direction
if (path[i] == '0') {
current_pos--;
frequency[current_pos]++; //increase visit count
}
// If the direction is right
else {
current_pos++;
frequency[current_pos]++; //increase visit count
}
}
for(int i=0;i<21;i++)
if(frequency[i]!=0) // if visted then frequency[i] is non zero
count++;
return count;
}
int main(){
int current_pos = 3;
string path = "011101100";
cout << "Count of distinct points visited on the number line:<<(getDistinctPoints(current_pos, path));
return 0;
}

## Output

Count of distinct points visited on the number line :5