Count all the numbers less than 10^6 whose minimum prime factor is N C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

We are given a prime number let’s say, num and the task is to calculate the count of all the numbers less than 10^6 whose minimum prime factor is equal to num.

For Example

Input − num = 7
Output − Number of prime factors = 38095

Input − num = 3
Output − Number of prime factors = 16666

Approach used in the below program is as follows

  • Input the number let’s say num

  • Start the loop, from i to 2 and i should be less than or equals to max value and increment the value of i

  • Inside the loop, check if s_prime[i] = 0

  • Create the loop, set the j to i * 2 and j should be less than equals to max and set j to j + i

  • Now check, if s_prime[j] = 1

  • Set s_prime[j] = 1

  • Increment s_count[i] by 1

  • Print the result

Example

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
#define MAX 1000000
// a sieve for prime number and
// to count the number of prime
int s_prime[MAX + 4] = { 0 }, s_count[MAX + 4] = { 0 };
void create_sieve(){
   // As 1 is not a prime number
   s_prime[1] = 1;
   // creating the sieve
   for (int i = 2; i <= MAX; i++){
      // if i is a prime number
      if (s_prime[i] == 0){
         for (int j = i * 2; j <= MAX; j += i){
            // if i is the least prime factor
            if (s_prime[j] == 0){
               // The number j is not a prime
               s_prime[j] = 1;
               // counting the numbers whose least prime factor
               // is i
               s_count[i]++;
            }
         }
      }
   }
}
int main(){
   // create the sieve
   create_sieve();
   int N = 7;
   cout << "Number of prime factors = " << (s_count[N] + 1) << endl;
   N = 3;
   cout << "Number of prime factors = " << (s_count[N] + 1) << endl;
   return 0;
}

Output

If we run the above code it will generate the following output −

Number of prime factors = 38095
Number of prime factors = 166667
raja
Published on 15-May-2020 12:37:37
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