Concatenate strings from two fields into a third field in MongoDB?

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

To concatenate strings from two fields into a third field, you can use the following syntax

db.yourCollectionName.aggregate(
   [
      { $project: { "yourNewFieldName": { $concat: [ "$yourFieldName1", " yourDellimiterValue ", "$yourFieldName2" ] } } }
   ]
);

Let us first create a collection with documents

>db.concatenateStringsDemo.insertOne({"StudentFirstName":"John","StudentLastName":"Doe"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c9bb7362d66697741252444")
}
>db.concatenateStringsDemo.insertOne({"StudentFirstName":"John","StudentLastName":"Smith"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c9bb7402d66697741252445")
}
>db.concatenateStringsDemo.insertOne({"StudentFirstName":"Carol","StudentLastName":"Taylor"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c9bb74c2d66697741252446")
}
>db.concatenateStringsDemo.insertOne({"StudentFirstName":"David","StudentLastName":"Miller"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c9bb7752d66697741252447")
}
>db.concatenateStringsDemo.insertOne({"StudentFirstName":"James","StudentLastName":"Williams"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c9bb7862d66697741252448")
}

Following is the query to display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method

> db.concatenateStringsDemo.find().pretty();

This will produce the following output

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c9bb7362d66697741252444"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "John",
   "StudentLastName" : "Doe"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c9bb7402d66697741252445"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "John",
   "StudentLastName" : "Smith"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c9bb74c2d66697741252446"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "Carol",
   "StudentLastName" : "Taylor"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c9bb7752d66697741252447"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "David",
   "StudentLastName" : "Miller"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c9bb7862d66697741252448"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "James",
   "StudentLastName" : "Williams"
}

Following is the query to concatenate strings from two fields into a third field. We are concatenating the fields “StudentFirstName” and “StudentLastName” here into a third field

> db.concatenateStringsDemo.aggregate(
... [
... { $project: { "StudentFullName": { $concat: [ "$StudentFirstName", " / ", "$StudentLastName" ] } } }
... ]
... );

This will produce the following output

{ "_id" : ObjectId("5c9bb7362d66697741252444"), "StudentFullName" : "John / Doe" }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5c9bb7402d66697741252445"), "StudentFullName" : "John / Smith" }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5c9bb74c2d66697741252446"), "StudentFullName" : "Carol / Taylor" }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5c9bb7752d66697741252447"), "StudentFullName" : "David / Miller" }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5c9bb7862d66697741252448"), "StudentFullName" : "James / Williams" }
raja
Published on 11-Apr-2019 15:34:54
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