Compare define() vs const in PHP

PHPProgrammingServer Side Programming

As we know both define() and const are used to declare a constant in PHP script.


   const VAR = 'FOO'
   define('VAR', 'FOO');

Let's discuss the difference between these two.

  • The basic difference between these two is that const defines constants at compile time, whereas define() defines them at run time.
  • We can't use the const keyword to declare constant in conditional blocks, while with define() we can achieve that.
  • <?php
       const VAR = 'FOO'; // invalid
       define('VAR', 'FOO'); //valid
  • const accepts a static scalar(number, string or other constants like true, false, null, __FILE__), whereas define() takes any expression.
  • consts are always case sensitive, whereas define() allows you to define case insensitive constants by passing true as the third argument.

  • const can also be utilized within a class or interface to declare a class constant or interface constant, while define() can't be utilized for this reason
  • <?php
       class abc{
          const VAR = 2; // valid
          echo VAR; // valid
    // but
       class xyz{
          define('XUV', 2); // invalid
          echo XUV;// invalid
  • The above example shows that we can declare constant inside the class with the const keyword but define() can't be used for declaring constant inside a class.
Published on 25-Jun-2019 18:23:37