Combination Sum IV in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have an integer array with all positive numbers and all elements are unique, find the number of possible combinations, so that if we add up, we will get positive integer target.

So if the array is [1, 2, 3] and the target is 4, then the possible combinations will be [[1,1,1,1], [1,1,2], [1,2,1], [2,1,1], [1,3], [3,1], [2, 2]], so output will be 7.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • Suppose we have one recursive function called solve(), this is taking array, target and another array for dynamic programming tasks. The process will be like
  • if target = 0, then return 1
  • if dp[target] is not -1, then return dp[target]
  • ans := 0
  • for i in range 0 to nums
    • if target >= nums[i]
      • ans := ans + solve(nums, target – nums[i], dp)
  • set dp[target] := ans
  • return ans

Example(C++)

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
class Solution {
public:
   int combinationSum4(vector<int>& nums, int target) {
      vector <int> dp(target + 1, -1);
      return helper(nums, target, dp);
   }
   int helper(vector <int>& nums, int target, vector <int>& dp){
      if(target == 0)return 1;
      if(dp[target] != -1)return dp[target];
      int ans = 0;
      for(int i = 0; i < nums.size(); i++){
         if(target >= nums[i]){
            ans += helper(nums, target - nums[i], dp);
         }
      }
      return dp[target] = ans;
   }
};
main(){
   Solution ob;
   vector<int> v = {1,2,3};
   cout << ob.combinationSum4(v, 4);
}

Input

[1,2,3]
4

Output

7
raja
Published on 27-Feb-2020 06:56:43
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