# Check that Field Exists with MongoDB?

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

You can use the $exists and$ne operator for this. To understand the concept further, let us create a collection with document. The query to create a collection with document is as follows −

> db.checkFieldExistDemo.insertOne({"EmployeeId":1,"EmployeeName":"John","isMarried":true,"EmployeeSalary":4648585});
{
"acknowledged" : true,
"insertedId" : ObjectId("5c76f7b31e9c5dd6f1f78281")
}
> db.checkFieldExistDemo.insertOne({"StudentId":2,"StudentName":"John","isMarried":false," StudentAge":19});
{
"acknowledged" : true,0
"insertedId" : ObjectId("5c76f7e11e9c5dd6f1f78282")
}

Display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method. The query is as follows −

> db.checkFieldExistDemo.find().pretty();

## Output

{
"_id" : ObjectId("5c76f7b31e9c5dd6f1f78281"),
"EmployeeId" : 1,
"EmployeeName" : "John",
"isMarried" : true,
"EmployeeSalary" : 4648585
}
{
"_id" : ObjectId("5c76f7e11e9c5dd6f1f78282"),
"StudentId" : 2,
"StudentName" : "John",
"isMarried" : false,
"StudentAge" : 19
}

Here is the query to check whether the field exist in MongoDB.

Case 1 − When a field is present in more than one document. The query is as follows −

> db.checkFieldExistDemo.find({"isMarried":{$exists:true,$ne:null}}).pretty();

## Output

{
"_id" : ObjectId("5c76f7b31e9c5dd6f1f78281"),
"EmployeeId" : 1,
"EmployeeName" : "John",
"isMarried" : true,
"EmployeeSalary" : 4648585
}
{
"_id" : ObjectId("5c76f7e11e9c5dd6f1f78282"),
"StudentId" : 2,
"StudentName" : "John",
"isMarried" : false,
"StudentAge" : 19
}

Case 2 − When a field is present in only one document. The query is as follows −

> db.checkFieldExistDemo.find({"StudentName":{$exists:true,$ne:null}}).pretty();

## Output

{
"_id" : ObjectId("5c76f7e11e9c5dd6f1f78282"),
"StudentId" : 2,
"StudentName" : "John",
"isMarried" : false,
"StudentAge" : 19
}
Updated on 30-Jul-2019 22:30:25