Card Flipping Game in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose on a table are N cards, with a positive integer printed on both side of each card (possibly different). We have to flip any number of cards, and after we choose one card. If the number X on the back side of the chosen card is not on the front of any card, then the number X is known as good. We have to find the smallest number that is good? When no number is good, return 0. Here, fronts[i] and backs[i] represent the number on the front and back side of card i. A flip will swap the front and back numbers, so the value on the front is now on the back and vice versa.

So if the input is like fronts = [1,2,4,4,7] and backs = [1,3,4,1,3], then the output will be 2. So if we flip the second card, the front value will be [1,3,4,4,7], and the backs will be [1,2,4,1,3]. We will choose the second card, which has number 2 on the back, and it is not on the front of any card, so 2 is a good number.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • define a set s, n := size of fronts, ret := inf
  • for i in range 0 to n – 1
    • if fronts[i] = back[i], then insert fronts[i] into s
  • for i in range 0 to n – 1
    • if fronts[i] in set then ret := minimum of ret and fronts[i]
  • for i in range 0 to n – 1
    • if backs[i] not in set then ret := minimum of ret and backs[i]
  • return 0 when ret = inf, otherwise ret.

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Example

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
class Solution {
   public:
   int flipgame(vector<int>& fronts, vector<int>& backs) {
      set <int> s;
      int n = fronts.size();
      int ret = INT_MAX;
      for(int i = 0; i < n; i++){
         if(fronts[i] == backs[i])s.insert(fronts[i]);
      }
      for(int i = 0; i <n; i++ ){
         if(s.count(fronts[i]) == 0) ret = min(ret, fronts[i]);
      }
      for(int i = 0; i <n; i++ ){
         if(s.count(backs[i]) == 0) ret = min(ret, backs[i]);
      }
      return ret == INT_MAX? 0 : ret;
   }
};
main(){
   vector<int> v1 = {1,2,4,4,7};
   vector<int> v2 = {1,3,4,1,3};
   Solution ob;
   cout << (ob.flipgame(v1, v2));
}

Input

[1,2,4,4,7]
[1,3,4,1,3]

Output

2
raja
Published on 04-May-2020 18:04:21
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