C program to print characters and strings in different formats.

CServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

An algorithm is given below to explain the process which is included in the C programming language to print the characters and strings in different formats.

Step 1: Read a character to print.

Step 2: Read a name at compile time.

Step 3: Output of characters in different formats by using format specifiers.

  • printf("%c\n%3c\n%5c\n", x,x,x);
  • printf("%3c\n%c\n", x,x);
  • printf("\n");

Step 4: Output of strings in different formats by using format specifiers.

  • printf("%s\n", name);
  • printf("%20s\n", name);
  • printf("%20.10s\n", name);
  • printf("%.5s\n", name);
  • printf("%-20.10s\n", name);
  • printf("%5s\n", name);

Example

Following is the C program to print the characters and strings in different formats −

 Live Demo

#include<stdio.h>
main(){
   char x = 'T';
   static char name[20] = "Tutorials Point";
   printf("OUTPUT OF CHARACTERS\n\n");
   printf("%c\n%3c\n%5c\n", x,x,x);
   printf("%3c\n%c\n", x,x);
   printf("\n");
   printf("OUTPUT OF STRINGS\n\n");
   printf("%s\n", name);
   printf("%20s\n", name);
   printf("%20.10s\n", name);
   printf("%.5s\n", name);
   printf("%-20.10s\n", name);
   printf("%5s\n", name);
}

Output

When the above program is executed, it produces the following output −

OUTPUT OF CHARACTERS
T
  T
   T
  T
T
OUTPUT OF STRINGS
Tutorials Point
Tutorials Point
Tutorials
Tutor
Tutorials
Tutorials Point

Example

Consider another program to check different format −

 Live Demo

#include<stdio.h>
main() {
   char x = 'T';
   static char name[20] = "Tutorials Point";
   printf("OUTPUT OF CHARACTERS\n\n");
   printf("%c\n", x);
   printf("%c\n%3c\n%5c\n", x,x,x);
   printf("%3c\n%c\n", x,x);
   printf("%c\n%3c\n%5c\n", x,x,x);
   printf("%3c\n%c\n", x,x);
   printf("\n");
   printf("OUTPUT OF STRINGS\n\n");
   printf("%.5s\n", name);
   printf("%-10.10s\n", name);
   printf("%.20s\n", name);
   printf("%20.10s\n", name);
   printf("%20s\n", name);
   printf("%10s\n", name);
}

Output

When the above program is executed, it produces the following output −

OUTPUT OF CHARACTERS
T
T
  T
    T
  T
T
T
   T
     T
   T
T
OUTPUT OF STRINGS
Tutor
Tutorials
Tutorials Point
Tutorials
Tutorials Point
Tutorials Point
raja
Published on 25-Mar-2021 15:50:04
Advertisements