# C Program to count trailing and leading zeros in a binary number

To begin with, let us understand what are trailing zeros in a binary number.

## Trailing zeros

The position of zeros after first one from the least significant bit (LSB) is called as trailing zeros in binary number.

### Example

104 is decimal number

Binary number of 104 is: (MSB) 1101000(LSB)

Here,

• MSB refers to Most Significant Bit.
• LSB refers to Least Significant Bit.
• From LSB after the first bit set, there are three zero.
• The number of trailing zeros is three.

## Example

Following is the program to count number of trailing zeros for a given number −

Live Demo

#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
int main(){
int number, i, trail = 0, size;
printf("Enter a number");
scanf("%d",&number);
size = sizeof(number) * 8;
for(i = 0; i < size; i++){
if((number >> i) & 1) {
break;
}
trail++;
}
printf("Number of trailing ZERO is = %d", trail);
return 0;
}

## Output

When the above program is executed, it produces the following result −

Enter a number
24
Number of trailing ZERO is = 3

If the position of zero before bit is set to one, they are termed as leading zeros.

### Example

94 is decimal number.

Binary number of 94 is: (MSB) .....001011110(LSB)

Number of Leading ZERO is = 25

## Program

Given below is the program to count number of leading zeros for a given number.

Live Demo

#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>
int main(){
int number, i, lead = 0, Msb,size;
printf("Enter a number");
scanf("%d",&number);
size = sizeof(number) * 8;
Msb=1<<(size-1);
for(i = 0; i < size; i++){
if((number << i) & Msb) {
break;
}
}
}
Enter a number
Number of Leading ZERO is = 25