ASP.NET MVC - Web API


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ASP.NET Web API is a framework that makes it easy to build HTTP services that reach a broad range of clients, including browsers and mobile devices. ASP.NET Web API is an ideal platform for building RESTful applications on the .NET Framework.

When you're building APIs on the Web, there are several ways you can build APIs on the Web. These include HTTP/RPC, and what this means is using HTTP in Remote Procedure Call to call into things, like Methods, across the Web.

The verbs themselves are included in the APIs, like Get Customers, Insert Invoice, Delete Customer, and that each of these endpoints end up being a separate URI.

Let’s take a look at a simple example of Web API by creating a new ASP.NET Web Application.

Step 1 − Open the Visual Studio and click File → New → Project menu option.

A new Project dialog opens.

Visual Studio Click File

Step 2 − From the left pane, select Templates → Visual C# → Web.

Step 3 − In the middle pane, select ASP.NET Web Application

Enter project name WebAPIDemo in the Name field and click Ok to continue. You will see the following dialog, which asks you to set the initial content for the ASP.NET project.

WebAPIDemo

Step 4 − To keep things simple, select the Empty option and check the Web API checkbox in the ‘Add folders and core references for’ section and click Ok.

Step 5 − It will create a basic MVC project with minimal predefined content.

Once the project is created by Visual Studio, you will see a number of files and folders displayed in the Solution Explorer window.

Step 6 − Now we need to add a model. Right-click on the Models folder in the solution explorer and select Add → Class.

Add a Model

You will now see the Add New Item dialog.

Add Item Dialog

Step 7 − Select Class in the middle pan and enter Employee.cs in the name field.

Step 8 − Add some properties to Employee class using the following code.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;

namespace WebAPIDemo.Models {
   public class Employee{
      public int ID { get; set; }
      public string Name { get; set; }
      public DateTime JoiningDate { get; set; }
      public int Age { get; set; }
   }
}

Step 9 − Let’s add the controller. Right-click on the controller folder in the solution explorer and select Add → Controller.

It will display the Add Scaffold dialog.

Select Add Controller

Step 10 − Select the Web API 2 Controller - Empty option. This template will create an Index method with default action for controller.

Step 11 − Click ‘Add’ button and the Add Controller dialog will appear.

 Add Button Controller

Step 12 − Set the name to EmployeesController and click ‘Add’ button.

You will see a new C# file ‘EmployeeController.cs’ in the Controllers folder, which is open for editing in Visual Studio with some default actions.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;

using System.Web.Http;
using WebAPIDemo.Models;

namespace WebAPIDemo.Controllers{
   public class EmployeesController : ApiController{
      Employee[] employees = new Employee[]{
         new Employee { ID = 1, Name = "Mark", JoiningDate =
            DateTime.Parse(DateTime.Today.ToString()), Age = 30 },
         new Employee { ID = 2, Name = "Allan", JoiningDate =
            DateTime.Parse(DateTime.Today.ToString()), Age = 35 },
         new Employee { ID = 3, Name = "Johny", JoiningDate =
            DateTime.Parse(DateTime.Today.ToString()), Age = 21 }
      };
		
      public IEnumerable<Employee> GetAllEmployees(){
         return employees;
      }
		
      public IHttpActionResult GetEmployee(int id){
         var employee = employees.FirstOrDefault((p) => p.ID == id);
         if (employee == null){
            return NotFound();
         }
         return Ok(employee);
      }
   }
}

Step 13 − Run this application and specify /api/employees/ at the end of the URL and press ‘Enter’. You will see the following output.

Specify API Employees

Step 14 − Let us specify the following URL http://localhost:63457/api/employees/1 and you will see the following output.

Localhost API Employees

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