Found 120 Articles for Personality Psychology

The Psychopathology of Everyday Life

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 16-Dec-2022 16:17:42
Psychopathology is an illness related to mental health. According to a report from 2017, Psychopathology is faced by 9.3% of males and 11.9% of females in everyday life. Psychopathology in everyday life is complex and can take several forms. Almost one in ten people globally (10.7%) have psychopathology in everyday life. What is the Psychopathology of Everyday Life? Sigmund Freud, in the year 1901, started studying the psychopathology of everyday life, which describes the psychoanalytic problems in daily life. While tracing the abnormal to the normal state, Freud found an unclear demarcation line between a normal person and a ... Read More

Metamotivation: Meaning and Significance

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 16-Dec-2022 16:14:55
Abraham Maslow was an American psychologist. He was best known for creating the hierarchy of needs. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs is a theory of motivation that suggests that five categories of human needs dictate an individual's behavior. Maslow thinks that humans have all the needs that must be satisfied, from the most basic to the most complex. What is Meta-Motivation? The procedures and knowledge involved in controlling an individual's motivational state are known as meta-motivation. Two reciprocal processes together form meta-motivation. The first procedure includes evaluating an individual's strength and quality of motivation to pursue a significant goal, i.e., motivational ... Read More

Kretschmer’s Classification

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 16-Dec-2022 16:08:53
Does it ever click your mind when you see people around you with certain disorders act differently, and so do their body shape differs? We keep wondering, right? Experimenters are evident that illnesses are not only caused by psychological, biological, or social-cultural factors but also depend on body physique. This is why we can connect some disorders with their body physique. How does it sound to you? Furthermore, who conveyed this introspection? Well, to know more, let us read the latter part. Who was Kretschmer, and What was his Contribution? Ernst Kretschmer (8 October 1888 – 8 February 1964) was ... Read More

The Decline and Fall of the Freudian Empire

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 12-Dec-2022 15:16:30
Are you familiar with the world-class psychologist named Sigmund Freud? He ruled his psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic theory, which we will discuss in this article. His well-known book: the interpretation of dreams, gave a mesmerizing meaning to dreams and why they occur. But apart from his tremendous victory, he suffered considerable criticism from other psychologists who didn't believe in his theories; thereby, his empire ceased functioning. This article will guide you on why he was criticized so much and what led to the fall of his kingdom. Who was Sigmund Freud, and what was his well-known theory? Freud was born in ... Read More

Television Violence and Aggressive Behaviour: Albert Bandura

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 12-Dec-2022 15:07:42
Television is one of the biggest sources of entertainment for children these days. We see them being influenced by the advertisements shown on TV, and they demand to buy everything they see as desirable. Often we see children enacting what they see on screen. Be it a dance step, a line they heard on TV, or even an action sequence. Bobo Doll Experiment In 1961, Albert Bandura conducted an experiment called Bobo Doll Experiment. In this, he and his colleagues took a total of 24 subjects, further divided into three groups of eight. These subjects were school-aged children who ... Read More

Self-Actualization: Meaning & Significance

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 12-Dec-2022 14:54:15
Once in our lifetime, we must have come across an individual, seen in movies or read in books about how they have everything human beings can acquire materialistically along with a strong social need fulfilment but are constantly bothered by how they do not have anything or there is a pang for achieving more from themselves. It does not seem very clear to the layman to understand how an individual must complain even after having everything. This demonstrates the need to self-actualize or achieve one's unlimited potential too. What is Self-actualisation? The fullest possible development and exploitation of our ... Read More

Rogers’ Humanist Theory of Personality

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 12-Dec-2022 14:47:11
Carl Rogers was one of the most seasoned humanists whose conceptualization of self and personality was centered around the individual and their ability to strive to achieve their full innate potential. The cornerstones of his personality theory were the concepts of self-actualization and condition of worth and the assumption that an individual can influence personality development throughout life. Below, we explore Rogers' conceptualization of personality in detail. Basic Assumptions of Personality Rogers' personality theory is based on assumptions and propositions centered around the humanistic approach. His major assumptions about personality are as follows − Every person has the ability ... Read More

Raymond Cattell’s Theory of Personality

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 12-Dec-2022 12:52:56
The ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving differ from person to person; this is known as personality. Once the personality arises within an individual, it remains constant throughout the life of that individual. The word "personality" is derived from the Latin word "persona, " which refers to a mask used by an actor to portray several roles or to conceal their actual identity. The main features of personality are consistency, which means that the personality of an individual remains the same in a variety of situations, affects behaviors and actions, which means that personality controls our movement in the current ... Read More

Personality Development in Childhood: The Unique Self

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 12-Dec-2022 12:44:42
Children go through various stages where they develop new skills, cognitive processes, and other mental processes such as memory and attitude formation. Childhood is indeed an age of rapid growth, and each new experience teaches a child lessons and shapes their overall character. Childhood also lays down the foundation for future years. Often, we see children looking at their reflection in the mirror. What is it that they see? When do they start seeing themselves as separate "selves" with a unique identity? Have you wondered how personality develops in children? How does a child's sense of self develop? How do ... Read More

Person-Centered Therapy: Carl Rogers

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 12-Dec-2022 12:38:43
One of the most popular therapies used independently and in combination with other therapies is Client/Person-Centered Therapy. Carl Rogers originally proposed this therapy. It emphasizes the central role of the client as in charge of the therapy. It focuses on developing a greater understanding of self, self-exploration, and improving self-concept in a pursuit to become fully functioning. Fundamental Concepts Rogers gave some fundamental concepts central to the understanding of client-centered therapy. These concepts are: Self-Actualization − Rogers' concept of self is closely aligned with that of Maslow and thus focuses on attaining one's fullest potential. Two distinct features of this ... Read More
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