Found 113 Articles for Major Branches of Psychology

Academic Achievement

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 07-Nov-2023 14:36:58


Are you the parent of an adolescent and want to learn more about what helps them to succeed in school? You may have heard conflicting advice from well−meaning advisers, but there's no one−size−fits−all solution to educational success. Rather, understanding the keys to academic achievement in adolescence involves considering multiple factors. It also requires a willingness to take the time to get to know each adolescent individually, including their strengths and weaknesses, and make adjustments accordingly The Role of Motivation and Engagement in Academic Achievement Motivation and engagement are both important components of academic achievement during adolescence. To put it ... Read More

Milgram Obedience Experiment

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 11-May-2023 17:37:05


A thorough re-examination of Obedience to Authority (Milgram, 1974), a seminal work, is warranted from both a historical and moral standpoint. Stanley Milgram originally reported his findings in the Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology in 1963, stating that 65% of gullible subjects were coerced into giving an individual deadly electrical shock after they provided wrong responses in a memory learning experiment. What is the experiment about? In 1960s, Stanley Milgram, who was working at Yale University as a psychologist, carried out a number of obedience tests, which produced some unexpected results. Participants in the research were given orders ... Read More

Positive Psychology: Definition and Meaning

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 02-May-2023 11:37:41


The subjective level of positive psychology is about highly valued experiences, such as flow and happiness as well as well-being, contentment, and satisfaction with the past, future, and future prospects (in the present). The capacity for love and vocation, interpersonal competence, courage, artistic sensitivity, persistence, forgiveness, future-mindedness, originality, spirituality, high talent, and wisdom are examples of good personality attributes at the individual level. However, the civic qualities and institutions that help people become better citizens are responsibility, nurturing, altruism, politeness, moderation, tolerance, and work ethic at the collective level. What is Positive Psychology? Positive psychology is the branch of psychology ... Read More

Political Psychology: Definition and Meaning

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 02-May-2023 11:28:44


Political psychology describes how psychological processes at the individual and social levels influence political conduct. Political psychologists often work in either psychology or political science departments, despite the fact that the topic is multidisciplinary. Researchers from each discipline take distinct approaches to the same topics, despite the fact that their fundamental goals are frequently identical, and interested academics are urged to look at the literature from both disciplines. Focusing on individual political attitudes, emotions, beliefs, and behavior, the study often tries to explain these phenomena using psychological theory and research. While more recent work has used a number ... Read More

Physiological Psychology: Definition and Meaning

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 02-May-2023 11:24:52


A connection between two closely related sciences whose subject topics have, for the most part, travelled entirely different routes is attempted to be demonstrated. Physiology and psychology, together, cover the subject of vital phenomena; they deal with the facts of life in general, and especially with the realities of human existence. Physiology is concerned with all aspects of life that manifest as physiological functions in our sense perception and, as a result, are a part of the larger environment that we refer to as the outside world. Psychology, on the other hand, aims to explain the connections between processes that ... Read More

Hypnosis Psychology: Definition and Meaning

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 28-Apr-2023 10:54:56


Hypnosis is an artificial created state of a human being in which, a person's attention is highly focused, and he or she may experience a state of deep relaxation and a heightened state of suggestibility. This can make it easier for the therapist to communicate with the person's unconscious mind and make suggestions for positive change. Furthermore, hypnosis technique has been used for a variety of purposes, including reducing anxiety and stress, helping people overcome phobias and addictions, and managing chronic pain. It is often used in conjunction with other forms of therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or psychotherapy, to ... Read More

Humanistic Psychology: Definition and Meaning

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 28-Apr-2023 10:49:41


Humanistic Psychology is a perspective, which was developed by Abraham Maslow in response to Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory and B. F. Skinner's behaviorism theory, where environment has been given more importance than the human choices. However, Maslow contended that and emphasized more on the human free will and hence, he focused on the individualized characteristics of optimal well-being and using one's creative potential for the good of others, as well as the relational environments that support such traits as the results of healthy growth. Personality development, according to humanistic psychologists, is a continual process encouraged by the desire for ... Read More

Experimental Psychology: Definition and Meaning

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 27-Apr-2023 15:41:52

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Experimental psychology is a branch of psychology that use an observation-based experimental technique to study psychological processes. It ensures the application of science and entails the observation, control, and recording of the factors that influence a subject of research. Experimental psychologists are interested in examining how factors that can be controlled as well as those that can be influenced by artificial surroundings might affect and influence behavior. Fechner, Gustav Theodor was one of the forerunners in 1860 when it came to the utilization of experiments to support the link between physical and sensory magnitudes. However, Wilhelm Wundt, who is credited ... Read More

Engineering Psychology: Definition and Meaning

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 27-Apr-2023 15:15:32


The interaction between engineering psychology and technology has a significant impact on the life cycle and priorities of this study as well as its satisfaction and priorities. Both engineering and psychology have many different subfields that are constantly evolving. Engineering psychology, commonly referred to as human factors engineering is an applied discipline that examines how human behavior might affect the development and use of technological systems. By primarily reconfiguring their interactions, this multidisciplinary field seeks to enhance the relationship between people and technology. What is Engineering Psychology? The goal of engineering psychology is to make socio-technical systems better. Examples ... Read More

Cross-Cultural Psychology: Definition and Meaning

Utkarsh Shukla
Updated on 27-Apr-2023 13:40:57


Every community or society lives in particular kind socio-cultural environment. And, all such socio-cultural environments are different from each other. Likewise, an individual living in a society, has unique behavioural pattern. Human behavior norms and experiences—which were established and evolved in varied environments—could also vary from group to group. Cross-cultural psychology investigates these types of differences (and, of course, commonalities). What is Cross-Cultural Psychology? Cultural influences on human psychology are the subject of cross-cultural psychology, a critical and comparative study. Two key components of this definition should be noted. This field is comparative, to begin with. Any cross-cultural ... Read More

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