Array Nesting in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have a zero-indexed array A of length N that contains all integers from 0 to N-1. We have to find and return the longest length of set S, where S[i] = {A[i], A[A[i]], A[A[A[i]]], ... } subjected to the rule below. Now consider the first element in S starts with the selection of element A[i] of index = i, the next element in S should be A[A[i]], and then A[A[A[i]]]… By that analogy, we stop adding right before a duplicate element occurs in S. So if the array is like A = [5,4,0,3,1,6,2], then the output will be 4, as A[0] = 5, A[1] = 4, A[2] = 0, A[3] = 3, A[4] = 1, A[5] = 6, and finally A[6] = 2.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • So create a function called dfs. This will take node, arr array, v array, and a set visited. Do the following in dfs array −
  • if node is visited, then return
  • insert node into v, mark node as visited
  • dfs(arr[node], arr, v, visited)
  • From the main method, do the following −
  • ret := 0, n := size of nums. make a set called visited
  • for i in range 0 to n – 1
    • create an array v
    • if nums[i] is not visited, then dfs(nums[i], nums, v, visited)
    • ret := max of ret and size of v
  • return ret

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −


 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
class Solution {
   void dfs(int node, vector <int>& arr, vector <int>& v, set <int>& visited){
      if(visited.count(node)) return;
      dfs(arr[node], arr, v, visited);
   int arrayNesting(vector<int>& nums) {
      int ret = 0;
      int n = nums.size();
      set <int> visited;
      for(int i = 0; i < n; i++){
         vector <int> v;
         if(!visited.count(nums[i]))dfs(nums[i], nums, v, visited);
         ret = max(ret, (int)v.size());
      return ret;
   vector<int> v = {5,4,0,3,1,6,2};
   Solution ob;
   cout << (ob.arrayNesting(v));




Updated on 04-May-2020 13:12:17