Arrange first N natural numbers such that absolute difference between all adjacent elements > 1?

CServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

We have the first N natural numbers. Our task is to get one permutation of them where the absolute difference between every two consecutive elements is > 1. If no such permutation is present, return -1.

The approach is simple. We will use the greedy approach. We will arrange all odd numbers in increasing or decreasing order, then arrange all even numbers in decreasing or increasing order

Algorithm

arrangeN(n)

Begin
   if N is 1, then return 1
   if N is 2 or 3, then return -1 as no such permutation is not present
   even_max and odd_max is set as max even and odd number less or equal to n
   arrange all odd numbers in descending order
   arrange all even numbers in descending order
End

Example

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
void arrangeN(int N) {
   if (N == 1) { //if N is 1, only that will be placed
      cout << "1";
      return;
   }
   if (N == 2 || N == 3) { //for N = 2 and 3, no such permutation is available
      cout << "-1";
      return;
   }
   int even_max = -1, odd_max = -1;
   //find max even and odd which are less than or equal to N
   if (N % 2 == 0) {
      even_max = N;
      odd_max = N - 1;
   } else {
      odd_max = N;
      even_max = N - 1;
   }
   while (odd_max >= 1) { //print all odd numbers in decreasing order
      cout << odd_max << " ";
      odd_max -= 2;
   }
   while (even_max >= 2) { //print all even numbers in decreasing order
      cout << even_max << " ";
      even_max -= 2;
   }
}
int main() {
   int N = 8;
   arrangeN(N);
}

Output

7 5 3 1 8 6 4 2
raja
Published on 01-Aug-2019 07:36:08
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