Algorithm to add binary arrays in JavaScript

JavascriptWeb DevelopmentFront End TechnologyObject Oriented Programming

Basics of Binary Addition

The four rules of binary addition are −

0 + 0 = 0
0 + 1 = 1
1 + 0 = 1
1 + 1 = 10

Keeping these points in mind, binary addition is very similar to the decimal addition (that follows the carry principle).

We are required to write a JavaScript function that takes in two arrays that contains only binary strings. (either '0' or '1').

The function should add the corresponding binary bits from the arrays and return a new array that contains the additional result of those arrays.

For example − If the input arrays are −

const arr1 = ['1', '0', '1'];
const arr2 = ['1', '0', '1'];

Then the output should be −

const output = ['1', '0', '1', '0'];

Example

The code for this will be −

const arr1 = ['1', '0', '1'];
const arr2 = ['1', '0', '1'];
const addBinary = (arr1 = [], arr2 = []) => {
   const str1 = arr1.join('');
   const str2 = arr2.join('');
   let carry = 0, temp = 0, res = '';
   for(let i = Math.max(str1.length, str2.length) − 1; i >= 0; i−−){
      const el1 = +str1[i] || 0;
      const el2 = +str2[i] || 0;
      if(el1 + el2 + carry > 1){
         temp = 0;
         carry = 1;
      }else{
         temp = el1 + el2 + carry;
         carry = 0;
      };
      res = temp + res;
   };
   if(carry){
      res = carry + res;
   };
   return res.split('');
};
console.log(addBinary(arr1, arr2));

Output

And the output in the console will be −

[ '1', '0', '1', '0' ]
raja
Published on 25-Nov-2020 16:19:22
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