Add 1 to number represented as array (Recursive Approach)?

CServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this section we will see one interesting problem. Suppose one number is given. We have to increase this number by 1. This is extremely simple task. But here we will place the number as an array. each digit of that number is placed as an element of the array. If the number is 512, then it will be stored as {5, 1, 2}. And also we have to increase the number using recursive approach. Let us see the algorithm to get the clear idea.

Algorithm

increment(arr, n, index)

Initially the default value of index is 0

begin
   if index < n, then
      if arr[index] < 9, then
         arr[index] := arr[index] + 1
      else
         arr[index] := 0
         increment(arr, n, index + 1)
   end if
   if index = n, then
      arr[n] := 1
      n := n + 1
   end if
end

Example

#include <iostream>
#include <cmath>
#define MAX 20
using namespace std;
void increment(int num_arr[], int &n, int index = 0){
   if(index < n){
      if(num_arr[index] < 9){ //if digit is less than 9, add 1
         num_arr[index]++;
      }else{ //otherwise increase number recursively
         num_arr[index] = 0;
         increment(num_arr, n, index+1);
      }
   }
   if(index == n){
      num_arr[n] = 1; //add extra carry
      n++; //increase n
   }
}
void dispNumber(int num_arr[], int n){
   for(int i = n-1; i>= 0; i--){
      cout << num_arr[i];
   }
   cout << endl;
}
int numToArr(int num_arr[], int number){
   int i = 0;
   int n = log10(number) + 1;
   for(int i = i; i< n; i++){
      num_arr[i] = number % 10;
      number /= 10;
   }
   return n;
}
main() {
   int number = 1782698599;
   int num_arr[MAX];
   int n = numToArr(num_arr, number);
   cout << "Initial Number: "; dispNumber(num_arr, n);
   increment(num_arr, n);
   cout << "Final Number: "; dispNumber(num_arr, n);
}

Output

Initial Number: 1782698599
Final Number: 1782698600
raja
Published on 31-Jul-2019 15:54:28
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