What are checked exceptions in Java?

Java 8Object Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

A checked exception is an exception that occurs at the time of compilation, these are also called as compile time exceptions. These exceptions cannot simply be ignored at the time of compilation; the programmer should take care of (handle) these exceptions.

if you use FileReader class in your program to read data from a file, if the file specified in its constructor doesn't exist, then a FileNotFoundException occurs, and the compiler prompts the programmer to handle the exception.

Example

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileReader;

public class FilenotFound_Demo {
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      File file = new File("E://file.txt");
      FileReader fr = new FileReader(file);
   }
}

If you try to compile the above program, you will get the following exceptions.

Output

C:\>javac FilenotFound_Demo.java
FilenotFound_Demo.java:8: error: unreported exception
FileNotFoundException; must be caught or declared to be thrown
   FileReader fr = new FileReader(file);
                   ^
1 error
raja
Published on 10-Jan-2018 13:02:54
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