The fact table contains measure values and primary key for Dimension tables. Dim tables contain master data. Fact and dimension table are joined in HANA Modeling to achieve some business logic.
Example of Measures − Number of unit sold, Total Price, Average Delay time, etc.
Dimension Table contains master data and is joined with one or more fact tables to make some business logic. Dimension tables are used to create schemas with fact tables and can be normalized.
Example of Dimension Table − Customer, Product, etc.
Suppose a company sells products to customers. Every sale is a fact that happens within the company and the fact table is used to record these facts.