How to work with Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) in HTML5?

SVG stands for Scalable Vector Graphics and it is a language for describing 2D-graphics and graphical applications in XML and the XML is then rendered by an SVG viewer.

SVG is mostly useful for vector type diagrams like Pie charts, Two-dimensional graphs in an X,Y coordinate system etc.

To work with Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) in HTML5, embed SVG directly using <svg>...</svg> tags with the following syntax −


<svg xmlns="">

To draw a shape in HTML5 SVG, use

  • <circle> element to draw a circle.
  • <rect> element to draw a rectangle.
  • <line> element to draw a line.
  • <ellipse> element to draw and ellipse.
  • <polygon> element to draw a polygon.

You can also add SVG to a web page using the <img>, <iframe>, <object> or <embed> tag. Let’s see how to add HTML5 SVG using the <svg> tag.

You can try to run the following code to learn how to work with SVG in HTML5. We will draw a circle here


Live Demo

<!DOCTYPE html>
         #svgelem {
            position: relative;
            left: 10%;
            -webkit-transform: translateX(-20%);
            -ms-transform: translateX(-20%);
            transform: translateX(-20%);
      <title>HTML5 SVG Circle</title>
      <h2>HTML5 SVG Circle</h2>
      <svg id="svgelem" height="200" xmlns="">
         <circle id="greencircle" cx="60" cy="60" r="50" fill="green" />