How to save and restore the HTML5 Canvas states?

HTML5 canvas provides two important methods to save and restore the canvas states.

Canvas states are stored on a stack every time the save method is called, and the last saved state is returned from the stack every time the restore method is called.

Method and Description
This method pushes the current state onto the stack..
This method pops the top state on the stack, restoring the context to that state.                                                              


You can try to run the following code to save and restore HTML5 Canvas −

         #test {
            width: 100px;
            margin: 0px auto;
         function drawShape(){
            // get the canvas element using the DOM
            var canvas = document.getElementById('mycanvas');
            // Make sure we don't execute when canvas isn't supported
            if (canvas.getContext){
               // use getContext to use the canvas for drawing
               var ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');
               // draw a rectangle with default settings
               // Save the default state
               // Make changes to the settings
               ctx.fillStyle = '#66FFFF'
               ctx.fillRect( 15,15,120,120);
               // Save the current state
               // Make the new changes to the settings
               ctx.fillStyle = '#993333'
               ctx.globalAlpha = 0.5;
                // Restore previous state
               // Draw a rectangle with restored settings
               // Restore original state
               // Draw a rectangle with restored settings
            } else {
               alert('You need Safari or Firefox 1.5+ to see this demo.');
   <body id = "test" onload = "drawShape();">
      <canvas id = "mycanvas"></canvas>