How to convert a String to and fro from UTF8 byte array

Java 8Object Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

Following example will showcase conversion of a Unicode String to UTF8 byte[] and UTF8 byte[] to Unicode byte[] using Reader and Writer classes.

Example

IOTester.java

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
import java.io.Reader;
import java.io.Writer;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;
import java.text.ParseException;

public class I18NTester {
   public static void main(String[] args) throws ParseException, IOException {
   String input = "This is a sample text" ;
   InputStream inputStream = new ByteArrayInputStream(input.getBytes());
   //get the UTF-8 data Reader
   reader = new InputStreamReader(inputStream, Charset.forName("UTF-8"));
   
   //convert UTF-8 to Unicode
   int data = reader.read();
   while(data != -1){
      char theChar = (char) data;
      System.out.print(theChar);
      data = reader.read();
   } reader.close();
   System.out.println();
   //Convert Unicode to UTF-8 Bytes
   ByteArrayOutputStream outputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
   Writer writer = new OutputStreamWriter(outputStream, Charset.forName("UTF-8"));
   writer.write(input); writer.close();
   String out = new String(outputStream.toByteArray());
   System.out.println(out); }
}

Output

It will print the following result.
This is a sample text This is a sample text
raja
Published on 06-Feb-2018 09:56:04
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