How is encapsulation implemented in C#?

Encapsulation is implemented by using access specifiers. An access specifier defines the scope and visibility of a class member. C# supports the following access specifiers: Public, Private, Protected, Internal, Protected internal, etc.

Encapsulation can be understood by taking an example of private access specifier that allows a class to hide its member variables and member functions from other functions and objects.

In the following example we have length and width as variables assigned private access specifier −


using System;

namespace RectangleApplication {
   class Rectangle {
      private double length;
      private double width;

      public void Acceptdetails() {
         length = 20;
         width = 30;

      public double GetArea() {
         return length * width;

      public void Display() {
         Console.WriteLine("Length: {0}", length);
         Console.WriteLine("Width: {0}", width);
         Console.WriteLine("Area: {0}", GetArea());

   class ExecuteRectangle {
      static void Main(string[] args) {
         Rectangle r = new Rectangle();
Samual Sam
Samual Sam

Learning faster. Every day.