How do I create and read a value from the cookie in JavaScript?

JavascriptWeb DevelopmentFront End Technology

Create cookies

The simplest way to create a cookie is to assign a string value to the document.cookie object, which looks like this −

document.cookie = "key1=value1;key2=value2;expires=date";

Here the “expires” attribute is optional. If you provide this attribute with a valid date or time, then the cookie will expire on a given date or time and thereafter, the cookies' value will not be accessible.

Example

Try the following. It sets a customer name in an input cookie.

Live Demo

<html>
   <head>
      <script>
         <!--
            function WriteCookie() {
               if( document.myform.customer.value == "" ) {
                  alert("Enter some value!");
                  return;
               }
               cookievalue= escape(document.myform.customer.value) + ";";
               document.cookie="name=" + cookievalue;
               document.write ("Setting Cookies : " + "name=" + cookievalue );
            }
         //-->
      </script>
   </head>
   <body>
      <form name="myform" action="">
         Enter name: <input type="text" name="customer"/>
         <input type="button" value="Set Cookie" onclick="WriteCookie();"/>
      </form>
   </body>
</html>

Read cookies

Reading a cookie is just as simple as writing one because of the value of the document.cookie object is the cookie. So, you can use this string whenever you want to access the cookie. The document.cookie string will keep a list of name=value pairs separated by semicolons, where the name is the name of a cookie and value is its string value.

Example

You can try to run the following code to read a cookie

Live Demo

<html>
   <head>
      <script>
         <!--
            function ReadCookie() {
               var allcookies = document.cookie;
               document.write ("All Cookies : " + allcookies );

               // Get all the cookies pairs in an array
               cookiearray = allcookies.split(';');

               // Now take key value pair out of this array
               for(var i=0; i<cookiearray.length; i++) {
                  name = cookiearray[i].split('=')[0];
                  value = cookiearray[i].split('=')[1];
                  document.write ("Key is : " + name + " and Value is : " + value);
               }
            }
         //-->
      </script>
   </head>
   <body>
      <form name="myform" action="">
         <p> click the following button and see the result:</p>
         <input type="button" value="Get Cookie" onclick="ReadCookie()"/>
      </form>
   </body>
</html>
raja
Published on 31-Jan-2018 13:01:23
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