How can we write MySQL handler, in a stored procedure, that throws an error message and continues the execution?

MySQLMySQLi Database

As we know that whenever an exception occurred in MySQL stored procedure, it is very important to handle it by throwing proper error message because if we do not handle the exception, there would be a chance to fail application with that certain exception in a stored procedure. MySQL provides a handler that throws an error message and continues the execution. To demonstrate it, we are using the following example in which we are trying to insert a duplicate value in a Primary key column.

Example

mysql> DELIMITER //
mysql> Create Procedure Insert_Studentdetails(S_Studentid INT, S_StudentName Varchar(20), S_Address Varchar(20))
   -> BEGIN
   -> DECLARE CONTINUE HANDLER FOR SQLEXCEPTION SELECT 'Got an error';
   -> INSERT INTO Student_detail
   -> (Studentid, StudentName, Address)
   -> Values(S_Studentid,S_StudentName,S_Address);
   -> Select * from Student_detail;
   -> END //
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.19 sec)

Invoke the above procedure and it will throw an error message ‘got an error’ and continue the execution if we will try to input duplicate value in column ‘studentid’.

mysql> Delimiter ;
mysql> CALL Insert_Studentdetails(100, 'Gaurav', 'Delhi');
+-----------+-------------+---------+
| Studentid | StudentName | address |
+-----------+-------------+---------+
| 100       | Gaurav      | Delhi   |
+-----------+-------------+---------+
1 row in set (0.11 sec)

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.12 sec)

mysql> CALL Insert_Studentdetails(101, 'Raman', 'Shimla');
+-----------+-------------+---------+
| Studentid | StudentName | address |
+-----------+-------------+---------+
|       100 | Gaurav      | Delhi   |
|       101 | Raman       | Shimla  |
+-----------+-------------+---------+
2 rows in set (0.06 sec)

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.12 sec)

mysql> CALL Insert_Studentdetails(101, 'Rahul', 'Jaipur');
+--------------+
| Got an error |
+--------------+
| Got an error |
+--------------+
1 row in set (0.03 sec)

+-----------+-------------+---------+
| Studentid | StudentName | address |
+-----------+-------------+---------+
|       100 | Gaurav      | Delhi   |
|       101 | Raman       | Shimla  |
+-----------+-------------+---------+
2 rows in set (0.04 sec)

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.05 sec)

mysql> CALL Insert_Studentdetails(103, 'Rahul', 'Jaipur');
+-----------+-------------+---------+
| Studentid | StudentName | address |
+-----------+-------------+---------+
|      100  | Gaurav      | Delhi   |
|      101  | Raman       | Shimla  |
|      103  | Rahul       | Jaipur  |
+-----------+-------------+---------+
3 rows in set (0.08 sec)
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.10 sec)
raja
Published on 21-Feb-2018 10:04:36
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