How can we get randomly different set of rows or values each time from MySQL table?

MySQLMySQLi Database

When we use RAND() function along with both ORDER BY and LIMIT clause in a query, MySQL returns the different set of rows or values each time. To understand it considers a table ‘Employee’ having the following records −

mysql> Select * from Employee;
+----+--------+--------+
| ID | Name   | Salary |
+----+--------+--------+
| 1  | Gaurav | 50000  |
| 2  | Rahul  | 20000  |
| 3  | Advik  | 25000  |
| 4  | Aarav  | 65000  |
| 5  | Ram    | 20000  |
| 6  | Mohan  | 30000  |
| 7  | Aryan  | NULL   |
| 8  | Vinay  | NULL   |
+----+--------+--------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Now, the query below will use RAND() function with both ORDER BY and LIMIT clause in a query return randomly different set of values or rows −

mysql> Select * from employee ORDER BY RAND() LIMIT 4;
+----+-------+--------+
| ID | Name  | Salary |
+----+-------+--------+
| 5  | Ram   | 20000  |
| 4  | Aarav | 65000  |
| 6  | Mohan | 30000  |
| 8  | Vinay | NULL   |
+----+-------+--------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> Select * from employee ORDER BY RAND() LIMIT 4;
+----+--------+--------+
| ID | Name   | Salary |
+----+--------+--------+
| 6  | Mohan  | 30000  |
| 8  | Vinay  | NULL   |
| 2  | Rahul  | 20000  |
| 1  | Gaurav | 50000  |
+----+--------+--------+
4 rows in set (0.03 sec)

mysql> Select * from employee ORDER BY RAND() LIMIT 4;
+----+-------+--------+
| ID | Name  | Salary |
+----+-------+--------+
| 3  | Advik | 25000  |
| 8  | Vinay | NULL   |
| 7  | Aryan | NULL   |
| 5  | Ram   | 20000  |
+----+-------+--------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

It can be observed from the above result sets that each time when we run the query, it returns a randomly different set of values or rows.

raja
Published on 20-Feb-2018 14:53:51
Advertisements