How can we extract a substring from the value of a column in MySQL table?

MySQLMySQLi Database

We can apply any of the functions like SUBSTRING(), MID() or SUBSTR() to extract a substring from the value of a column. In this case, we must have to provide the name of the column as the first argument of the function i.e. at the place of string we have to give the name of the column. Following example will demonstrate it.

Example

Suppose we want to extract a substring from the ‘Name’ column of ‘Student’ table then it can be done by using the different functions as follows −

mysql> Select name, SUBSTR(name,2,4) from student;
+---------+------------------+
| name    | SUBSTR(name,2,4) |
+---------+------------------+
| Gaurav  | aura             |
| Aarav   | arav             |
| Harshit | arsh             |
| Gaurav  | aura             |
| Yashraj | ashr             |
+---------+------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> Select name, MID(name,2,4) from student;
+---------+---------------+
| name    | MID(name,2,4) |
+---------+---------------+
| Gaurav  | aura          |
| Aarav   | arav          |
| Harshit | arsh          |
| Gaurav  | aura          |
| Yashraj | ashr          |
+---------+---------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> Select name, substring(name,2,4) from student;
+---------+---------------------+
| name    | substring(name,2,4) |
+---------+---------------------+
| Gaurav  | aura                |
| Aarav   | arav                |
| Harshit | arsh                |
| Gaurav  | aura                |
| Yashraj | ashr                |
+---------+---------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

We can also apply condition/s in the above queries as follows −

mysql> Select name, substring(name,2,4) from student WHERE address = 'delhi';
+---------+---------------------+
| name    | substring(name,2,4) |
+---------+---------------------+
| Gaurav  | aura                |
| Harshit | arsh                |
+---------+---------------------+
2 rows in set (0.16 sec)

mysql> Select name, MID(name,2,4) from student WHERE address = 'delhi';
+---------+---------------+
| name    | MID(name,2,4) |
+---------+---------------+
| Gaurav  | aura          |
| Harshit | arsh          |
+---------+---------------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> Select name, SUBSTR(name,2,4) from student WHERE address = 'delhi';
+---------+------------------+
| name    | SUBSTR(name,2,4) |
+---------+------------------+
| Gaurav  | aura             |
| Harshit | arsh             |
+---------+------------------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)
raja
Published on 20-Feb-2018 10:09:01
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