How can we calculate the Date in MySQL using functions?

MySQLMySQLi Database

In MySQL, we can use the following functions to calculate the Date −

  • CURDATE() Function − Basically it returns the current date of the computer.
  • YEAR() Function − It returns the year of the specified date.
  • MONTH() function − It returns the month of the specified date.
  • DAY() Function − It returns the day of the specified date.
  • RIGHT() Function − It returns the number of character as specified within the function from the given date. The part of the expression that compares the returns from RIGHT() function evaluates 1 or 0.

To understand it, consider the data, as follows, from a table named ‘Collegedetail’ −

mysql> Select * from Collegedetail;
+------+---------+------------+
| ID   | Country | Estb       |
+------+---------+------------+
| 111  | INDIA   | 2010-05-01 |
| 130  | INDIA   | 1995-10-25 |
| 139  | USA     | 1994-09-25 |
| 1539 | UK      | 2001-07-23 |
| 1545 | Russia  | 2010-07-30 |
+------+---------+------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

In the following query, we calculated the DATE by using all different date functions −

mysql> Select ID, Estb, CURDATE(), YEAR(Estb), MONTH(Estb), DAY(Estb), (RIGHT(CURDATE(),5) < RIGHT(estb,5))As 'Return' FROM Collegedetail;
+------+------------+------------+------------+-------------+-----------+--------+
| ID   | Estb       | CURDATE()  | YEAR(Estb) | MONTH(Estb) | DAY(Estb) | Return |
+------+------------+------------+------------+-------------+-----------+--------+
| 111  | 2010-05-01 | 2017-11-30 | 2010       | 5           | 1         | 0      |
| 130  | 1995-10-25 | 2017-11-30 | 1995       | 10          | 25        | 0      |
| 139  | 1994-09-25 | 2017-11-30 | 1994       | 9           | 25        | 0      |
| 1539 | 2001-07-23 | 2017-11-30 | 2001       | 7           | 23        | 0      |
| 1545 | 2010-07-30 | 2017-11-30 | 2010       | 7           | 30        | 0      |
+------+------------+------------+------------+-------------+-----------+--------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> Select ID, estb, CURDATE(),((YEAR(CURDATE())-YEAR(estb))-(RIGHT(CURDATE(),5)<RIGHT(estb,5))) AS 'YEARS_OLD' from collegedetail;
+------+------------+------------+-----------+
| ID   | estb       | CURDATE()  | YEARS_OLD |
+------+------------+------------+-----------+
| 111  | 2010-05-01 | 2017-11-30 | 7         |
| 130  | 1995-10-25 | 2017-11-30 | 22        |
| 139  | 1994-09-25 | 2017-11-30 | 23        |
| 1539 | 2001-07-23 | 2017-11-30 | 16        |
| 1545 | 2010-07-30 | 2017-11-30 | 7         |
+------+------------+------------+-----------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)
raja
Published on 21-Feb-2018 11:20:41
Advertisements