How MySQL evaluates if we use EXISTS operator with a subquery that returns no rows?

MySQLMySQLi Database

If a subquery, used with EXIST operator, returns no rows, the expression EXIST returns FALSE and MySQL returns the empty set as output. It can be understood with the help of simple example using the following data from table ‘Customers’ −

mysql> Select * from Customers;
+-------------+----------+
| Customer_Id | Name     |
+-------------+----------+
|           1 | Rahul    |
|           2 | Yashpal  |
|           3 | Gaurav   |
|           4 | Virender |
+-------------+----------+
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> Select * from Reservations;
+------+-------------+------------+
| ID   | Customer_id | Day        |
+------+-------------+------------+
|    1 |           1 | 2017-12-30 |
|    2 |           2 | 2017-12-28 |
|    3 |           2 | 2017-12-29 |
|    4 |           1 | 2017-12-25 |
|    5 |           3 | 2017-12-26 |
+------+-------------+------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

The MySQL query below is having the subquery with an EXIST operator that returns no rows. In this case, the EXIST expression returns FALSE hence the result set is an empty set.

mysql> Select Name from Customers WHERE EXISTS (SELECT * FROM Reservations WHERE customer_id = 4);
Empty set (0.00 sec)
raja
Published on 21-Feb-2018 18:03:19
Advertisements