Note that both production and development system should point to same directory. SAP never transfer files from one transport directory to another. Below is the process:
You release a request from dev system. This create files in /usr/sap/trans/(data & cofiles).
When STMS Transport Management System is configured correctly, you immediately see the request on the production system import queue and can import it.
Incase route in Transport Management System is not configured it is possible to add a request to queue and then import to production.
STMS is complex process in SAP system. I would suggest you refer this link: