Count ways to reach the n’th stair

AlgorithmsData StructureDynamic Programming

There are n stairs. One person will go to 1'st to the n'th stair. Maximum how many stairs he/she can cross in one step is also given. With this information, we have to find possible ways to go to the n'th stairs.

Let us consider one can cross a maximum two stairs in each step. So we can find recursive relations to solve this problem. One can move to n'th stair, either from (n-1)'th stair or from (n-2)'th stair. So ways(n) = ways(n-1) + ways(n-2).

Input and Output

Input:
The number of stairs, say 10 the maximum number of stairs that can be jumped in one step, say 2
Output:
Enter number of stairs: 10
Enter max stair a person can climb: 2
Number of ways to reach: 89

Algorithm

stairClimpWays(stair, max)

Input − number of stairs, maximum stair jump in a single step.

Output − Number of possible ways to reach.

Begin
   define array count of size same as stair number
   count[0] := 1
   count[0] := 1

   for i := 2 to stair -1, do
      count[i] := 0
      for j = 1 to i and j <= max; do
         count[i] := count[i] + count[i - j]
      done
   done
   return count[stair - 1]
End

Example

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;

int stairClimbWays(int stair, int max) {
   int count[stair];    //fill the result stair using bottom up manner
   count[0] = 1;       //when there are 0 or 1 stair, 1 way to climb
   count[1] = 1;
   
   for (int i=2; i<stair; i++) {    //for stair 2 to higher
      count[i] = 0;
      for(int j=1; j<=max && j<=i; j++)
         count[i] += count[i-j];
   }
   return count[stair-1];
}

int countWays(int stair, int max) {    //person can climb 1,2,...max stairs at a time
   return stairClimbWays(stair+1, max);
}

int main () {
   int stair, max;
   cout << "Enter number of stairs: "; cin >> stair;
   cout << "Enter max stair a person can climb: "; cin >> max;
   cout << "Number of ways to reach: " << countWays(stair, max);
}

Output

Enter number of stairs: 10
Enter max stair a person can climb: 2
Number of ways to reach: 89
raja
Published on 11-Jul-2018 06:18:47
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