Compute sum of digits in all numbers from 1 to n

Dynamic ProgrammingData StructureAlgorithms

In this problem, we have to find the sum of digits of all numbers in range 1 to n. For an example the sum of digits of 54 is 5 + 4 = 9, Like this, we have to find all the numbers and their sum of digits.

We know that there are 10d - 1 numbers can be generated, whose number of digits is d. To find the sum of all those numbers of digit d, we can use a recursive formula.

sum(10d- 1)=sum(10d-1- 1)*10+45*(10d-1)

Input and Output

Input:
This algorithm takes the upper limit of the range, say it is 20.
Output:
Sum of digits in all numbers from 1 to n. Here the result is 102

Algorithm

digitSumInRange(n)

Input: The upper limit of the range.

Output − the sum of digits for all number in the range (1-n).

Begin
   if n < 10, then
      return n(n+1)/2
   digit := number of digits in number
   d := digit – 1
   define place array of size digit
   place[0] := 0
   place[1] := 45

   for i := 2 to d, do
      place[i] := place[i-1]*10 + 45 * ceiling(10^(i-1))
      power := ceiling(10^d)
      msd := n/power
      res := msd*place[d] + (msd*(msd-1)/2)*power +
             msd*(1+n mod power) + digitSumInRange(n mod power)
      return res
   done
End

Example

#include<iostream>
#include<cmath>
using namespace std;

int digitSumInRange(int n) {
   if (n<10)
      return n*(n+1)/2;          //when one digit number find sum with formula
   int digit = log10(n)+1;       //number of digits in number
      int d = digit-1;           //decrease digit count by 1
   
   int *place = new int[d+1];    //create array to store sum upto 1 to 10^place[i]
   place[0] = 0;
   place[1] = 45;

   for (int i=2; i<=d; i++)
      place[i] = place[i-1]*10 + 45*ceil(pow(10,i-1));

   int power = ceil(pow(10, d));    //computing the power of 10
   int msd = n/power;               //find most significant digit
   return msd*place[d] + (msd*(msd-1)/2)*power +
      msd*(1+n%power) + digitSumInRange(n%power);    //recursively find the sum
}

int main() {
   int n;
   cout << "Enter upper limit of the range: ";
   cin >> n;
   cout << "Sum of digits in range (1 to " << n << ") is: " << digitSumInRange(n);
}

Output

Enter upper limit of the range: 20
Sum of digits in range (1 to 20) is: 102
raja
Published on 11-Jul-2018 09:22:23
Advertisements