10 Advance MySQL Database Interview Questions and Answers


MySQL is one of most widely used open-source relational database management systems (RDBMS) in world. It is used by some of largest companies in world, including Google, Facebook, and Twitter. If you are preparing for an interview for a MySQL developer position, you need to be well-prepared with advance MySQL database interview questions and answers. In this article, we will cover some of most common and advanced MySQL database interview questions and provide you with best possible answers.

What is MySQL?

MySQL is an open-source relational database management system. It is widely used by developers to store and manage data for websites, applications, and other software systems. MySQL is fast, reliable, and easy to use, making it a popular choice for developers around world.

What is a Relational Database Management System?

A Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) is a type of database management system that stores data in a structured format. In an RDBMS, data is organized into tables, which can be related to each other based on common fields. This allows users to easily retrieve specific data by querying database.

What is a Join?

A join is a way to combine data from two or more tables based on a related column. There are different types of joins, including inner join, left join, right join, and full outer join. In an inner join, only rows that match in both tables are returned. In a left join, all rows from left table are returned, along with any matching rows from right table. In a right join, all rows from right table are returned, along with any matching rows from left table. In a full outer join, all rows from both tables are returned, with any non-matching rows containing null values.

What is a Trigger?

In MySQL, a trigger is a database object that is associated with a particular table and automatically executes in response to certain events such as an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE operation performed on that table.

When a trigger is defined on a table, it is executed automatically when the associated event occurs. The trigger can be used to perform a variety of tasks such as validating data, modifying data, or logging events.

Triggers are often used in database applications to enforce business rules, maintain referential integrity, and ensure data consistency. They can also be used to audit changes to the database or to implement complex data processing logic that is not possible with simple SQL statements.

Triggers can be defined using SQL statements, and they can be created, modified, or dropped using the appropriate SQL commands.

What is a Stored Procedure?

A stored procedure in MySQL is a set of SQL statements that are stored on the server and can be executed on demand. It is a precompiled and reusable database object that can be called from within an application or directly from the MySQL console.

Stored procedures can take input parameters and return output parameters, allowing them to be highly customizable and flexible. They are often used for complex database operations, such as data transformation or validation, as they can be optimized for performance and can reduce network traffic by minimizing the number of queries sent to the server.

In MySQL, stored procedures can be created using the CREATE PROCEDURE statement, and can be called using the CALL statement. They can also be modified or dropped using the ALTER PROCEDURE and DROP PROCEDURE statements, respectively.

What is Indexing?

In MySQL, indexing is the process of optimizing the performance of database queries by creating an index on one or more columns of a table. An index is a data structure that stores a sorted copy of the values in the indexed columns, allowing for faster access and retrieval of data.

When a query is executed, MySQL can use the index to quickly locate the rows that match the specified search criteria, rather than scanning the entire table. This can significantly reduce the time it takes to retrieve data and improve the overall performance of the database.

Indexes can be created using the CREATE INDEX statement, which specifies the name of the index, the table and columns to index, and the type of index to create. It is important to note that while indexes can improve query performance, they can also increase the time it takes to insert, update, and delete records in the table. Therefore, it is important to balance the benefits of indexing with the overhead it may introduce.

What is a Transaction Log?

In MySQL, a transaction log, also known as a binary log, is a file that contains a record of all changes made to a database. This includes updates, inserts, and deletes to tables in the database. The transaction log is used to ensure data consistency and recoverability in the event of a system failure or other error.

MySQL maintains a separate transaction log file for each database that it manages. When a transaction is committed, the changes are written to the transaction log before they are applied to the database itself. This allows the transaction to be rolled back if necessary, either by the user or by the database itself in the event of a failure.

The transaction log can also be used for database replication, allowing changes made on one server to be replicated to other servers. This is commonly used in high-availability setups where multiple servers are used to ensure that the database is always available to users

What is a Deadlock?

A deadlock is a situation that occurs when two or more transactions are waiting for each other to release a resource. This can happen when two transactions are trying to update same row in a table, for example. In MySQL, deadlocks are automatically detected and resolved using a technique called deadlock detection.

What is Difference Between MyISAM and InnoDB Storage Engines?

MyISAM and InnoDB are two of most commonly used storage engines in MySQL. MyISAM is a non-transactional storage engine that is best suited for read-heavy workloads. InnoDB is a transactional storage engine that is best suited for write-heavy workloads. InnoDB supports features such as row-level locking, transactions, and foreign key constraints, while MyISAM does not.

What is Difference Between a Clustered and Non-clustered Index?

In MySQL, a clustered index determines the physical order of data in a table. It determines the storage of table records in a specific order based on the indexed column(s). If a table has a clustered index, the records in the table are physically stored in the same order as the index, which can improve the performance of queries that involve range searches or sorting operations.

On the other hand, a non-clustered index in MySQL is a separate data structure that stores the indexed values along with a pointer to the corresponding rows in the table. Non-clustered indexes do not affect the physical order of data in a table, and therefore they are typically used to speed up queries that search for specific values or combinations of values in a table.

What is a Stored Function?

A stored function is a precompiled set of SQL statements that is stored in database and can be called from within other SQL statements or from within an application. Stored functions can be used to perform calculations, to retrieve data from database, or to perform other tasks.


MySQL is a powerful and versatile relational database management system that is widely used by developers around world. If you are preparing for an interview for a MySQL developer position, you need to be well-prepared with advance MySQL database interview questions and answers. We have covered some of most common and advanced MySQL database interview questions in this article, and we hope that these answers will help you to ace your interview and land your dream job. Remember to keep practicing and learning, and stay up-to-date with latest MySQL developments and best practices.

Updated on: 02-May-2023


Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started