XSLT <apply-template>


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<xsl:apply-template> tag signals the XSLT processor to find the appropriate template to apply, based on the type and context of each selected node.

Declaration

Following is the syntax declaration of <xsl:apply-template> element.

<xsl:apply-template 
   select = Expression 
   mode = QName > 
</xsl:apply-template> 

Attributes

S.No Name & Description
1.

select

Used to process nodes selected by an XPath expression, instead of processing all the children.

2.

mode

Allows an element as specified by its Qualified Names to be processed multiple times, each time producing a different result.

Elements

Number of occurrences Unlimited

Parent elements

xsl:attribute, xsl:comment, xsl:copy, xsl:element, xsl:fallback, xsl:foreach, xsl:if, xsl:message, xsl:otherwise, xsl:param, xsl:processinginstruction, xsl:template, xsl:variable, xsl:when, xsl:with-param, output elements

Child elements

xsl:sort, xsl:with-param

Demo Example

This example creates a list of <student> element with its attribute rollno and its child <firstname>, <lastname>, <nickname>, and <marks> by iterating over each student.

students.xml

<?xml version = "1.0"?> 
<?xml-stylesheet type = "text/xsl" href = "students.xsl"?> 
<class> 
   <student rollno = "393"> 
      <firstname>Dinkar</firstname> 
      <lastname>Kad</lastname> 
      <nickname>Dinkar</nickname> 
      <marks>85</marks> 
   </student> 
   <student rollno = "493"> 
      <firstname>Vaneet</firstname> 
      <lastname>Gupta</lastname> 
      <nickname>Vinni</nickname> 
      <marks>95</marks> 
   </student> 
   <student rollno = "593"> 
      <firstname>Jasvir</firstname> 
      <lastname>Singh</lastname> 
      <nickname>Jazz</nickname> 
      <marks>90</marks> 
   </student> 
</class>

students.xsl

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?> 
<xsl:stylesheet version = "1.0" 
   xmlns:xsl = "http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform">   
   <xsl:template match = "/"> 
      <html> 
         <body> 
            <h2>Students</h2> 
            <xsl:apply-templates select = "class/student" /> 
         </body> 
      </html> 
   </xsl:template>  

   <xsl:template match = "class/student"> 
      <xsl:apply-templates select = "@rollno" /> 
      <xsl:apply-templates select = "firstname" /> 
      <xsl:apply-templates select = "lastname" /> 
      <xsl:apply-templates select = "nickname" /> 
      <xsl:apply-templates select = "marks" /> 
      <br /> 
   </xsl:template>  

   <xsl:template match = "@rollno"> 
      <span style = "font-size = 22px;"> 
         <xsl:value-of select = "." /> 
      </span> 
      <br /> 
   </xsl:template>  

   <xsl:template match = "firstname"> 
      First Name:<span style = "color:blue;"> 
         <xsl:value-of select = "." /> 
      </span> 
      <br /> 
   </xsl:template>  

   <xsl:template match = "lastname"> 
      Last Name:<span style = "color:green;"> 
         <xsl:value-of select = "." /> 
      </span> 
      <br /> 
   </xsl:template>  

   <xsl:template match = "nickname"> 
      Nick Name:<span style = "color:red;"> 
         <xsl:value-of select = "." /> 
      </span> 
      <br /> 
   </xsl:template>  

   <xsl:template match = "marks"> 
      Marks:<span style = "color:gray;"> 
         <xsl:value-of select = "." /> 
      </span> 
      <br /> 
   </xsl:template>  
	
</xsl:stylesheet>

Output

Formatted Apply Template Output

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