XPath - Comparison Operators


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XPath defines following comparison operators to be used with the XPath expressions.

S.No. Operator & Description
1

=

is equals to

2

!=

is not equals to

3

<

is less than

4

>

is greater than

5

<=

is less than or equals to

6

>=

is greater than or equals to

Example

This example creates a table of <student> element with its attribute roll no and its child <firstname>,<lastname><nickname> and <marks> by iterating over each student. It checks marks to be greater than 90 and then prints the student(s) details.

students.xml

<?xml version = "1.0"?>
<?xml-stylesheet type = "text/xsl" href = "students.xsl"?>
<class>
   <student rollno = "393">
      <firstname>Dinkar</firstname>
      <lastname>Kad</lastname>
      <nickname>Dinkar</nickname>
      <marks>85</marks>
   </student>
   <student rollno = "493">
      <firstname>Vaneet</firstname>
      <lastname>Gupta</lastname>
      <nickname>Vinni</nickname>
      <marks>95</marks>
   </student>
   <student rollno = "593">
      <firstname>Jasvir</firstname>
      <lastname>Singh</lastname>
      <nickname>Jazz</nickname>
      <marks>90</marks>
   </student>
</class>

students.xsl

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>
<xsl:stylesheet version = "1.0"
   xmlns:xsl = "http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform">  

   <xsl:template match = "/">
      <html>
         <body>
            <h2>Students</h2>
					
            <table border = "1">
               <tr bgcolor = "#9acd32">
                  <th>Roll No</th>
                  <th>First Name</th>
                  <th>Last Name</th>
                  <th>Nick Name</th>
                  <th>Marks</th>
               </tr>
						
               <xsl:for-each select = "class/student">
                  <xsl:if test = "marks > 90">
                     <tr>
                        <td><xsl:value-of select = "@rollno"/></td>
                        <td><xsl:value-of select = "firstname"/></td>
                        <td><xsl:value-of select = "lastname"/></td>
                        <td><xsl:value-of select = "nickname"/></td>
                        <td><xsl:value-of select = "marks"/></td>
                     </tr>
                  </xsl:if>
               </xsl:for-each>
            </table>
         </body>
      </html>
   </xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>

Verify the output

Formatted Comparison Operator Output
xpath_operators.htm
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