WSDL - Example


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Given below is a WSDL file that is provided to demonstrate a simple WSDL program.

Let us assume the service provides a single publicly available function, called sayHello. This function expects a single string parameter and returns a single string greeting. For example, if you pass the parameter world then service function sayHello returns the greeting, "Hello, world!".

Example

Contents of HelloService.wsdl file −

<definitions name = "HelloService"
   targetNamespace = "http://www.examples.com/wsdl/HelloService.wsdl"
   xmlns = "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/"
   xmlns:soap = "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap/"
   xmlns:tns = "http://www.examples.com/wsdl/HelloService.wsdl"
   xmlns:xsd = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
 
   <message name = "SayHelloRequest">
      <part name = "firstName" type = "xsd:string"/>
   </message>
	
   <message name = "SayHelloResponse">
      <part name = "greeting" type = "xsd:string"/>
   </message>

   <portType name = "Hello_PortType">
      <operation name = "sayHello">
         <input message = "tns:SayHelloRequest"/>
         <output message = "tns:SayHelloResponse"/>
      </operation>
   </portType>

   <binding name = "Hello_Binding" type = "tns:Hello_PortType">
      <soap:binding style = "rpc"
         transport = "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http"/>
      <operation name = "sayHello">
         <soap:operation soapAction = "sayHello"/>
         <input>
            <soap:body
               encodingStyle = "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"
               namespace = "urn:examples:helloservice"
               use = "encoded"/>
         </input>
		
         <output>
            <soap:body
               encodingStyle = "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"
               namespace = "urn:examples:helloservice"
               use = "encoded"/>
         </output>
      </operation>
   </binding>

   <service name = "Hello_Service">
      <documentation>WSDL File for HelloService</documentation>
      <port binding = "tns:Hello_Binding" name = "Hello_Port">
         <soap:address
            location = "http://www.examples.com/SayHello/" />
      </port>
   </service>
</definitions>

Example Analysis

  • Definitions − HelloService

  • Type − Using built-in data types and they are defined in XMLSchema.

  • Message

    • sayHelloRequest − firstName parameter

    • sayHelloresponse − greeting return value

  • Port Type − sayHello operation that consists of a request and a response service.

  • Binding − Direction to use the SOAP HTTP transport protocol.

  • Service − Service available at http://www.examples.com/SayHello/

  • Port − Associates the binding with the URI http://www.examples.com/SayHello/ where the running service can be accessed.



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