Trademark Agents' Qualifying Examination: Part 2

person icon Muralidharan R

Trademark Agents' Qualifying Examination: Part 2

Part 2 of the Preparatory Course for Indian Trademark Agents' Qualifying Examination

updated on icon Updated on Dec, 2023

language icon Language - English

person icon Muralidharan R

architecture icon Intellectual Property,Trademark,Law

Lectures -17

Duration -4.5 hours


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Course Description

The professional life of a Trademark Agent essentially revolves around three different types of work. First, of it relates to identifying a good mark after a diligent search and examining the registrability of the mark in the light of statutory provisions. If the mark is already being used by the client in an extensive manner, then apply for registration if it is proposed to be used then conduct a search straight away.

India today figures among the five largest economies of the world. In addition to China, India is going to become an important part of the global supply chain. Hence, the number of trademark registrations will increase in an exponential manner. As of now, trademark registration work constitutes a significant source of Revenue for a Registered Trademark Agent.

Part 1 of this course focused on the different types of trademarks, the process of registration, compliance of formality check, handling oppositions and payment of renewal fee once in 10 years. Additionally, if the client has an international presence, then explore options for foreign registration under the Madrid Protocol. In this first part except for the opposition, there will be no opponent or other side when the Agent pursues registration of the trademark. Hence, the first part of the course focuses exclusively on the trademark registration process.

The second part of the trademark agent work can be described as Compliance Work. During the expected long and infinite life of a trademark, there may be other happenings such as Transmissions and Assignments. Broadly speaking, Transmissions occur due to changes in circumstances. Assignment of the trademark is voluntarily decided by the Registered Proprietor. In respect of Global Trademarks, it will be very difficult for the trademark owner to establish manufacturing and distribution facilities all over the world. The Registered Proprietor will often resort to “Registered Users” who in turn will have many Permitted Users. This part of the work also does not involve any major opposition from third parties. It is mostly a transaction between the Trademark Agent and the Trademark Registry.

The third part of the Trademark Agent work revolves around the enforcement of the registered mark. If the trademark had a higher market presence, and consumer awareness of the brand is high, the trademark owner may choose to monetise the brand for a hefty consideration and may choose to assign the registered mark with or without goodwill. In this work, the enforcement part is taken care of by the lawyers and the monetisation part is handled by managerial professionals.

This course will focus on the essential skills needed by the Trademark Agent in the area of compliance and enforcement.

This course comprises 291 minutes of video. The course has been presented in 4 modules, and each of the lectures is no more than 20 minutes long. The fourth module specifically focuses on international arrangements such as the Paris Convention on the Protection of Industrial Property, the Madrid Treaty on Trademarks, the Nice Agreement on International Classification and the recently concluded Madrid Protocol that provides for international registration of Trademarks. The course is also backed by independent power point presentations which will aid the learners to comprehend the lectures in an easier manner and enable them to effectively apply this information in their professional life.

Normally, while understanding legislation, like the Trademarks Act, the learner will have to focus on

1. Definitions

2. Implementing Authority

3. Procedure for exercise of powers by the implementing agencies

4. Oversight Mechanism by way of Appeals and Revisions

5. Remedies for the person aggrieved by the improper/incorrect implementation of executive powers granted to the authorities/ implementing agencies.

6. Criminal remedies to prevent infringement and punishment of offenders.

The Trademark Act 1999, very clearly identifies the implementing authorities as the Registrar of Trademark. Besides the registrar, the Central Government has also been given powers to aid and assist the Registrar of Trademarks in ensuring the effective implementation of the Act. As pointed out already, prevention of infringement is taken care of by the courts as well as customs authorities operating in Ports of Entry. The Trademark Act provides civil and criminal remedies for the prevention of infringement.

The Trademark Act itself permits the use of an unregistered trademark in the normal course of the trade. The Trademark Agent has to be aware of the fact that registration of a trademark is not a mandatory requirement. Even an unregistered trademark owner can initiate proceedings for the prevention of passing off and unjust enrichment by the infringer. The protection of consumer interest cannot be brushed aside under the carpet by the infringer by claiming that the trademark is not registered and that the mark is incapable of registration under the Trademark Act. At the same time, having a trademark registration is like having a reserved ticket for a proposed long journey that will have to be completed at different points in time. Registration of a trademark is a prima facie proof of ownership of the mark. Registered proprietors can insist that the registration process raises a presumption of the validity of the registered trademark. The registered proprietors have multiple and effective civil, criminal and administrative remedies for the purpose of preventing infringement of the registered trademark. Governments all over the world have tightened the mechanism to prevent indiscriminate infringement of trademarks essentially to protect consumer interest. Under the new Trademark Act the infringer will be made to suffer a minimum mandatory sentence and the profits that they had made by infringement can be disgorged by levy of stiff fine by the Criminal Courts and award of unliquidated damages and exemplary costs by Civil Courts. Additional registration with the Union of India’s Customs Department of the registered mark will enable the registered proprietor to prevent the entry of infringing goods at the Ports of Entry thereby nipping the infringer’s fraudulence right in the bud stage.

Actually, during the previous years, the Trademark Registry had focused more on the:

a. Substantive aspects of trademark registration process

b. Different types of trademarks

c. Absolute and Relative grounds for refusal of trademark registration

d. Major changes brought about by the passing of the Trademarks Act, 1999 and the Trademark Rules, 2002

e. Difference between trademark infringement and passing off cases

f. Rights of unregistered trademark owners

g. Special procedure for Corrective Trademark, Certification Trademark, Associated Trademarks

h. Assignment and Transmission, the procedure for renewal and restoration of abandoned marks.

The learner at the end of the course will be sufficiently educated to recall;

a. Substantive legal provisions

b. Procedural nuances as exemplified in the RULES

c. Determining the applicable official fee, relevant forms, and due diligence for complying with the formality check requirements.

After you complete the course, kindly provide an objective review of the course and suggestions for future improvements.


What will you learn in this course:

The students will learn

  • Assignment and Transmission of Trademarks
  • Infringement and Remedies for Infringement
  • Trademark Rules
  • International Conventions on Trademarks


What are the prerequisites for this course?

  • Graduate Degree in any field
  • Preferably completed part 1 of this course series.

This course is designed mainly for:

  • Students of Law
  • Paralegals in IPR law firms
  • Small traders desiring to qualify online vendor registration
  • Candidates taking Trademark Qualifying Exam
  • Legal and Corporate executives in corporations

Trademark Agents' Qualifying Examination: Part 2


Check out the detailed breakdown of what’s inside the course

Module 1
4 Lectures
  • play icon Assignment and Transmission 15:30 15:30
  • play icon Registered User 15:20 15:20
  • play icon Determining an Infringement 19:19 19:19
  • play icon Infringement Continued (Remedies) 15:04 15:04
Module 2
4 Lectures
Module 3
6 Lectures
Module 4
3 Lectures

Instructor Details

Muralidharan R

Muralidharan R

I am an Advocate, Law Lecturer, Registered Patent Agent & Mediator, Trademark and Patent Attorney. I am the Principal of Manu Associates, a law firm based in Bangalore, and I regularly fulfil professional commitments in various cities. I hold degrees in both Biology and Chemistry (1976) and a Master’s Degree in International Law and Constitutional Law (1980).

During my final year of Law school, I had the honour of representing India in the Philip. C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition held in Washington D.C., USA (March 1979). Subsequently, I participated in a Program on Intellectual Property Law organized by the Washington Graduate School (USDA) in April 1988. I also attended the International Law Seminar organized by the International Law Commission at Palais De Nations, Geneva, Switzerland in 1991.

I was privileged to be one of the founding faculty members of the National Law School of India, Bangalore, where I worked as an Assistant Professor for four years. I continue to contribute as a guest faculty at NALSAR Hyderabad, IIM Bangalore, and NLSIU Bangalore. My articles have been published in both national and international journals, and I've played a significant role in enhancing awareness of Intellectual Property Rights and Cyber legal frameworks in India. I achieved this by being a Visiting Faculty in NALSAR PRO Patents, Cyber and Media Laws P.G. Diploma courses.

My involvement in legal circles includes being a Life member of the Indian Society of International Law, N. Delhi-1, and the Bangalore Advocates Association. Additionally, I am a Mediator at the Bangalore Mediation Centre, an initiative of the Karnataka High Court.

I regularly practice law in trial courts and various high courts, with some cases from the Karnataka and Madras High Courts being cited as binding precedents. I have also published research articles in reputable national and international journals, accessible through my blog: https://profmurali.blogspot.com/.

Participating as a Resource Person in Professional Improvement Programs on IP Law, Environmental Law, and International Trade Law is an important aspect of my engagement. I am actively committed to promoting IPR literacy in India, and I've organized skill development programs for law students, including moot court competitions in collaboration with Dr Ambedkar Govt Law College, Puducherry, where we've hosted the Tamil Moot Court Competitions for the past four years.

To further these initiatives, I recently commenced publishing courses on the online learning platform Udemy, aiming to enhance legal literacy among lawyers and individuals preparing for competitive examinations.

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